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Table 2 Results of molecular analysis (positive samples from PCR and sequencing) and coproscopic examination of dog faeces

From: First report of Echinococcus multilocularis in cats in Poland: a monitoring study in cats and dogs from a rural area and animal shelter in a highly endemic region

Technique Parasite Privately owned dogs (N = 145) Shelter dogs (N = 123) Total (N = 268)
n % (95% CI) n % (95% CI) n % (95% CI)
PCR Echinococcus multilocularis 2 1.4 (0.4–4.9) 2 1.6 (0.5–5.7) 4 1.5 (0.6–3.8)
Taenia spp.a 15 10.3 (6.4–16.4) 11 8.9 (5.1–15.3) 26 9.7 (6.7–13.8)
Mesocestoides litteratus 1 0.7 (0.1–3.8) 2 1.6 (0.5–5.7) 3 1.1 (0.4–3.2)
Coproscopy Taeniidae 3 2.1 (0.7–5.9) 6 4.9 (2.3–10.2) 9 3.4 (1.8–6.3)
Capillaria/Trichuris 13 9.0 (5.3–14.7) 16 13.0 (8.2–20.1) 29 10.8 (7.6–15.1)
Toxocara canis 7 4.8 (2.4–9.6) 13 10.6 (6.3–17.3) 20 7.5 (4.9–11.2)
Toxascaris leonina 1 0.7 (0.1–3.8) 0 0.0 (0.0–3.0) 1 0.4 (0.1–2.1)
Hookworms 0 0.0 (0.0–2.6) 2 1.6 (0.5–5.7) 2 0.7 (0.2–2.7)
Total nematodes 18 12.4 (8.0–18.7)B 29 23.6 (17.0–31.8)b 47 17.5 (13.5–22.5)
Total helminths 19 13.1 (8.6–19.6)C 35 28.5 (21.2–36.9)c 54 20.1 (15.8–25.4)
PCR and coproscopy Tptal tapeworms 18 12.4 (8.0–18.7) 14 11.4 (6.9–18.2) 32 11.9 (8.6–16.4)
Total helminths 33 22.8 (16.7–30.2) 40 32.5 (24.9–41.2) 73 27.2 (22.3–32.9)
  1. aTaenia hydatigena (11 privately-owned dogs and 3 shelter dogs), T. serialis (5 shelter dogs), T. taeniaeformis (2 privately-owned dogs and 1 shelter dog), T. crassiceps (2 privately-owned dogs), T. pisiformis (1 shelter dog), T. ovis (1 shelter dog)
  2. b, B χ2 = 9.75, df =1, P = 0.0018 (statistically significant difference between privately-owned and shelter dogs)
  3. c, C χ2 = 5.73, df =1, P = 0.0166 (statistically significant difference between privately-owned and shelter dogs)