Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of 66 studies included in this meta-analysis to investigate the pooled prevalence of oestrosis in sheep and goats

From: The global and regional prevalence of oestrosis in sheep and goats: a systematic review of articles and meta-analysis

Reference Year Country Study duration (months) Host Sample origin Detection method No. of samples Positive n (%)
Benakhla et al. [20] 2004 Algeria 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 313 211 (67.41)
Attindehou et al. [21] 2012 Benin 6 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 256 90 (35.16)
Goat Abattoir Necropsy 224 43 (19.20)
Amin et al. [22] 1997 Egypt na Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 1200 104 (8.67)
Osman [29] 2010 Egypt 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 623 217 (34.83)
Goat Abattoir Necropsy 357 83 (23.25)
Ramadan et al. [43] 2013 Egypt 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 3132 360 (11.49)
Alem et al. [30] 2010 Ethiopia 5 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 369 349 (94.58)
Goat Abattoir Necropsy 431 381 (88.40)
Bekele et al. [44] 1995 Ethiopia 16 Sheep Farm Necropsy 376 23 (6.12)
Gebremedhin [31] 2011 Ethiopia 6 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 311 217 (69.77)
Goat Abattoir Necropsy 243 115 (47.33)
Yilma & Genet [32] 2000 Ethiopia 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 248 192 (77.42)
Goat Abattoir Necropsy 258 188 (72.87)
Gabaj et al. [33] 1993 Libya 5 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 1489 336 (22.57)
Goat Abattoir Necropsy 320 59 (18.44)
Negm-Eldin [34] 2015 Libya 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 180 93 (51.67)
Goat Abattoir Necropsy 120 34 (28.33)
Pandey & Ouhelli [45] 1984 Morocco 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 120 83 (69.17)
Oniye [46] 2006 Nigeria 6 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 116 72 (62.07)
Horak [47] 1977 South Africa 24 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 542 398 (73.43)
Horak [1] 2005 South Africa 12 Sheep Farm Necropsy 193 103 (53.37)
Goat Farm Necropsy 96 58 (60.42)
Pandey [48] 1989 Zimbabwe 13 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 507 111 (21.89)
Biu & Nwosu [79] 1999 Nigeria 12 Goat Abattoir Necropsy 4000 2150 (53.75)
Horak & Butt [80] 1977 South Africa 13 Goat Abattoir Necropsy 130 96 (73.85)
Saleem et al. [49] 2017 India 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 120 119 (99.17)
Sharma et al. [50] 2012 India na Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 128 25 (19.53)
Dhishonin et al. [51] 2017 India 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 143 9 (6.29)
Jagannath et al. [35] 1989 India 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 520 464 (89.23)
Goat Abattoir Necropsy 263 219 (83.27)
Pathak [36] 1992 India 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 384 312 (81.25)
Goat Abattoir Necropsy 466 249 (53.43)
Dehghani et al. [37] 2012 Iran 6 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 5934 1347 (22.70)
Goat Abattoir Necropsy 1802 409 (22.70)
Shoorijeh et al. [38] 2010 Iran 13 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 2002 994 (49.65)
Goat Abattoir Necropsy 1998 261 (13.06)
Shoorijeh et al. [52] 2009 Iran 13 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 2002 995 (49.70)
Tavassoli et al. [53] 2012 Iran 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 402 122 (30.35)
AL-Ubeidi et al. [54] 2017 Iraq 3 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 133 72 (54.14)
Abo-Shehada et al. [55] 2000 Jordan 17 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 417 242 (58.03)
Othman [56] 2009 Palestine 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 335 181 (54.03)
Alahmed [19] 2000 Saudi Arabia 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 544 32 (5.88)
Alikhan et al. [57] 2018 Saudi Arabia na Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 1334 400 (29.99)
Hanan [58] 2013 Saudi Arabia 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 480 257 (53.54)
Arslan et al. [59] 2009 Turkey 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 387 156 (40.31)
Ipek & Altan [39] 2017 Turkey 2 Sheep Abattoir Semi-nested PCR 158 133 (84.18)
Goat Abattoir 26 10 (38.46)
Sheep Abattoir Rhinoscopy 158 104 (65.82)
Goat Abattoir 26 10 (38.46)
Karatepe et al. [60] 2014 Turkey 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 364 82 (22.53)
Özdal et al. [61] 2016 Turkey 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 328 127 (38.72)
Uslu & Dik [62] 2006 Turkey 13 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 624 368 (58.97)
Rahman & Karim [81] 1989 Bangladesh 12 Goat Abattoir Necropsy 705 175 (24.82)
Huq [82] 1983 Bangladesh 15 Goat Abattoir Necropsy 600 114 (19.00)
Jumde & Dixit [83] 2012 India na Goat Abattoir Necropsy 247 194 (78.54)
Shoorijeh et al. [84] 2011 Iran 13 Goat Abattoir Necropsy 1998 261 (13.06)
Abo-Shehada et al. [85] 2003 Jordan 13 Goat Abattoir Necropsy 520 126 (24.23)
Dorchies et al. [40] 2000 France 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 631 274 (43.42)
Goat Abattoir Necropsy 672 191 (28.42)
Yilma & Dorchies [63] 1991 France 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 555 361 (65.05)
Bauer et al. [64] 2002 Germany 24 Sheep Farm ELISA 1497 753 (50.30)
Papadopoulos et al. [7] 2006 Greece na Sheep Mixed flock ELISA 397 193 (48.61)
Goat Mixed flock ELISA 335 58 (17.31)
Papadopoulos et al. [23] 2001 Greece 12 Sheep Mixed flock ELISA 300 300 (100)
Goat Mixed flock ELISA 500 212 (42.40)
Papadopoulos et al. [41] 2010 Greece 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 292 126 (43.15)
Goat Abattoir Necropsy 158 120 (75.95)
Caracappa et al. [65] 2000 Italy 24 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 841 469 (55.77)
Scala et al. [66] 2001 Italy 12 Sheep Free-ranging flocks Necropsy 566 514 (90.81)
Scala et al. [3] 2002 Italy 12 Sheep Abattoir ELISA and necropsy 443 327 (73.81)
Cozma et al. [67] 2010 Romania 6 Sheep Farm Necropsy and skin sensitivity test 280 140 (50.00)
Daniela [42] 2008 Romania 9 Sheep Mixed flock Necropsy 84 57 (67.86)
Goat Mixed flock Necropsy 51 22 (43.14)
Alcaide et al. [68] 2005 Spain 9 Sheep Farm ELISA and necropsy 276 218 (78.99)
Alcaide et al. [69] 2005 Spain 23 Sheep Farm ELISA 5878 4070 (69.24)
Gracia et al. [70] 2010 Spain 12 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 120 101 (84.17)
Gracia et al. [71] 2006 Spain na Sheep Pasture and indoor Necropsy 20 14 (70.00)
Paredes-Esquivel et al. [72] 2009 Spain 2 Sheep Free ranging flocks Necropsy 206 173 (83.98)
Paredes-Esquivel et al. [73] 2012 Spain 13 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 554 255 (46.03)
Alcaide et al. [86] 2005 Spain 23 Goat Farm ELISA 1590 717 (45.09)
9 Goat Farm Necropsy 80 28 (35)
Carvalho et al. [74] 2015 Brazil 80 Sheep Farm Necropsy 71 12 (16.90)
Silva et al. [75] 2013 Brazil 8 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 139 19 (13.67)
Silva et al. [76] 2012 Brazil 36 Sheep Farm Necropsy 72 36 (50.00)
Hidalgo et al. [77] 2015 Chile 4 Sheep Abattoir Necropsy 87 53 (60.92)
Murguía et al. [78] 2000 Mexico na Sheep Farm Thin layer immune assay test 689 229 (33.24)
  1. Abbreviations: ELISA, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; na, not mentioned