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Table 1 Oviposition rate (%), fecundity (%) and egg hatching rates (%) of adult female mites

From: Acaricidal efficacy of orally administered macrocyclic lactones against poultry red mites (Dermanyssus gallinae) on chicks and their impacts on mite reproduction and blood-meal digestion

Reproduction parameters Repetitions Control EPR MOX IVM
Oviposition rate (%) I 95.95 3.13 0.00 0.00
II 97.73 0.00 4.92 15.25
III 93.75 0.00 4.41 8.33
Mean (%)   95.81 ± 1.99c 1.04 ± 1.80a 3.11 ± 2.71a 7.86 ± 7.64b
Fecundity (%) I 3.82 1.00 0.00 0.00
II 3.88 0.00 1.33 1.22
III 3.13 0.00 1.67 1.50
Mean (%)   3.61 ± 0.42b 0.33 ± 0.58a 1.00 ± 0.88a 0.91 ± 0.80a
Hatching rate (%) (A/B) I 97.79 (265/271) 0 (0/1) 0 (0/0) 0 (0/0)
II 100 (167/167) 0 (0/0) 100 (4/4) 45.45 (5/11)
III 98.30 (231/235) 0 (0/0) 80.00 (4/5) 33.33 (2/6)
Mean (%)   98.69 ± 1.16c 0 ± 0a 60.00 ± 52.92bc 26.26 ± 23.54ab
  1. I, II and III represent three replicates of each group
  2. a, b, c, dValues within the same row followed by different letters are significantly different
  3. (A/B): A refers to the number of eggs hatched into larvae, B refers to the number of eggs laid by all mites
  4. The data of mean (%) are expressed as the mean ± SD
  5. Abbreviations: EPR, eprinomectin; MOX, moxidectin; IVM, ivermectin