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Table 2 Percent prevalence (95% confidence intervals in parentheses) and intensity (median and range in parentheses) of trematode infections in Hubert’s multimammate mice (Mastomys huberti) at post-mortem examination (infection intensity expressed as parasite counts) and Mini-FLOTAC analysis (infection intensity expressed as eggs per gram)

From: Mini-FLOTAC as an alternative, non-invasive diagnostic tool for Schistosoma mansoni and other trematode infections in wildlife reservoirs

Parasite Infection Adults (n = 80) Juveniles (n = 9) Total (n = 89)
Males (n = 45) Females (n = 35) Males (n = 3) Females (n = 6)
Plagiorchis sp.
 Post-mortem Prevalence (%) 86.7 (73.4–94.1) 85.7 (70.1–94.2) 100 (38.3–100) 100 (55.7–100) 87.6 (79.0–93.1)
Intensity 16 (1– > 61) 26.5 (2– > 61) 19 (3–45) 21.5 (3– > 61) 18 (1– > 61)
 Mini-FLOTAC Prevalence (%) 84.4 (70.9–92.6) 85.7 (70.1–94.2) 66.7 (20.2–94.4) 100 (55.7–100) 85.4 (76.5–91.4)
Intensity 4687.5 (92–123,675) 4,350 (25–134,900) 2,962.5 (1725–2,475) 5,212 (610–91,125) 4,300 (25–134,900)
Schistosoma mansoni
 Post-mortem Prevalence (%) 24.4 (14.1–38.8) 25.7 (14.0–42.3) 16.7 (1.1–58.2) 23.6 (15.9–33.5)
Intensity 5 (20–35) 17 (2–64)a 2 (na) 8 (2–64a)
 Mini-FLOTAC Prevalence (%) 22.2 (12.3–36.5) 28.6 (16.2–45.2) 16.7 (1.1–58.2) 23.6 (15.9–33.5)
Intensity 293.5 (50–1237) 137.5 (15–900) 600 (na) 262 (15–1237)
Echinostoma caproni
 Post-mortem Prevalence (%) 20.0 (10.7–34.0) 14.3 (5.8–29.9) 33.3 (5.6–79.8) 16.9 (10.4–26.1)
Intensity 2 (1–32) 5 (1–34) 1 (na) 2 (1–34)
 Mini-FLOTAC Prevalence (%) 26.7 (15.8–41.2) 14.3 (5.8–29.9) 33.3 (5.6–79.8) 20.2 (13.1–29.8)
Intensity 135 (18–52,275) 315 (37–1,375) 675 (na) 232 (18–52,275)
Anchitrema sp.
 Post-mortem Prevalence (%) 2.2 (0–12.6) 5.7 (0.6–19.6) 3.4 (0.7–9.9)
Intensity 9 (na) 12.5 (1–24) 9 (1–24)
 Mini-FLOTAC Prevalence (%) 2.9 (0–15.8) 1.1 (0–0.7)
Intensity 750 (na) 750 (na)
  1. aOne pair was formed of S. mansoni male and S. haematobium/S. bovis hybrid female [13]; however, only eggs with lateral spine, identified as S. mansoni eggs, were observed
  2. Abbreviation: na, not applicable