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Table 3 Logistic regression model with all independent variables as exposure and their interaction with odds of being infected by the corresponding TBP species. P-values below 0.05 and level of significance are shown in bold

From: Molecular identification and prevalence of tick-borne pathogens in zebu and taurine cattle in North Cameroon

TBP Region Age Sex PCV BCS A.cn A.H A.mg A.pl B.th R.af T.mt T.vl
A.cn OR 1 0.9 8.9 7.4 3.5   2.7 2.4 6.5 3.0 4.7 2.2 1.2
95% CI − 4.7–0.2 0.6–1.1 0.2–3.9 0.1–3.1 1.7–2.3   na na 0.02–4.7 0.7–11 na 1.1–5.0 0.9–4.4
P 0.07 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.3   0.9 0.9 0.7 0.09 0.2 0.002 ** 0.002 **
A.H OR 1.0 0.9 0.2 < 0.0001 4.3 2.7   2.3 1 1.3 6.7 8.5 5.6
95% CI 0.007–0.7 0.6–1.4 0.03–0.9 na 0.3–43.0 na   na 0.1–6.1 na Na 1.8–3.7 6.7–5.5
P 0.04 * 0.8 0.05 0.99 0.2 0.9   0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.003 ** 0.0001 ***
A.mg OR 3.4 0.9 0.3 1.4 0.4 < 0.0001 < 0.001   0.3 2 0.8 14.8 4.2
95% CI 1.3–9.3 0.7–1.0 0.1–0.9 0.3–4.7 0.05–1.8 na na   0.02–1.2 0.5–6.7 0.1–4.4 6.4–35.3 0.5–24.1
P 0.009 * 0.3 0.03 * 0.5 0.3 0.9 0.99   0.15 0.2 0.9 < 0.0001 *** 0.1
A.pl OR 1.9 0.8 2 0.9 0.3 1.1 1.2 0.2   1.2 0.7 22.4 2.6
95% CI 0.9–3.9 0.7–0.9 0.8–5.2 0.3–2.4 0.08–1.1 0.1–6.1 0.2–6.7 0.05–0.9   0.4–3.3 0.1–3.0 11.6–4.6 0.5–1.1
P 0.06 0.02 * 0.1 0.9 0.1 0.9 0.8 0.05   0.6 0.6 < 0.0001 *** 0.2
B.th OR 3.5 0.8 1.2 2.9 0.6 2.3 < 0.0001 1.8 1.35   2.1 0.5 1.1
95% CI 2.0–6.2 0.7–0.9 0.8–2.0 1.8–4.6 0.3–1.1 0.5–8.1 na 0.4–5.5 0.4–3.3   0.4–7.6 0.2–1.3 0.2–3.8
P < 0.0001 *** 0.003 ** 0.3 < 0.0001 *** 0.1 0.2 0.9 0.3 0.5   0.2 0.2 0.8
R.af OR 1.7 1 0.4 1 1 3.6 < 0.0001 1 1.1 1.9   8.4 2.06
95% CI 0.5–6.0 0.7–1.2 0.1–1.7 0.2–4.3 0.1–4.9 0.1–34.1 na 0.1–5.1 0.2-–.6 0.3–7.1   2.6–27.9 0.08–1.7
P 0.3 0.8 0.2 0.9 0.9 0.3 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.3   0.0002 *** 0.5
T.mt OR 0.8 1 1 0.4 1.5 12.8 9.3 16.4 21.2 0.6 7.9   6.4
95% CI 0.5–1.4 0.9–1.7 0.5–1.9 0.1–1.0 0.7–3.0 2.0–72.9 2.3–37.0 6.9–39.7 11.1–41.6 0.2–1.5 2.3–2.5   1.6–26.8
P 0.5 0.2 0.9 0.08 0.2 0.004 ** 0.001 ** < 0.0001 *** < 0.0001 *** 0.3 0.0006 **   0.007 **
T.vl OR 0.5 0.8 0.9 2.6 3.2 12.4 23.9 4 3.1 0.9 2 5.3  
95% CI 0.08–3.1 0.6–1.1 0.2–3.6 0.7–9.9 0.6–1.3 2.1–62.9 2.6–223 0.4–2.5 0.6–1.3 0.1–3.5 0.07–17.9 1.0–26.9  
P 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.002 ** 0.004 ** 0.1 0.1 0.9 0.5 0.04 *  
  1. Abbreviations: A.cn, Anaplasma centrale; A.H, Anaplasma sp. ‘Hadesa’; A.mg, Anaplasma marginale; A.pl, Anaplasma platys; B.th, Borrelia theileri; R.af, Rickettsia africae; T.mt, Theileria mutans; T.vl, Theileria velifera; na, not available; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval