Skip to main content


Fig. 3 | Parasites & Vectors

Fig. 3

From: Transfection of Culicoides sonorensis biting midge cell lines with Wolbachia pipientis

Fig. 3

Immune response after establishment of the walbB Wolbachia infection in the W8-w cell line, Toll pathway regulators Dorsal (a) and Cactus (b), JAK/Stat pathway regulators STAT (c), PIAS (d), anti-microbial peptides (AMP) Attacin (e), Attacin-like (f), Cercropin (g), Defensin-like (h), Defensin (i) and IMD pathway regulators Caspar (j) and Relish (k). Data are represented as the mean ± standard error (SEM) of two or three biological replicates. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, n.s., not significant (P > 0.05)

Back to article page