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Fig. 5 | Parasites & Vectors

Fig. 5

From: Spatial and temporal disease dynamics of the parasite Hematodinium sp. in shore crabs, Carcinus maenas

Fig. 5

Temporal changes in the severity of Hematodinium infection of C. maenas in gill (ac) and hepatopancreas (df) histopathology. Hematodinium presence was first determined via PCR, and for all positives, severity of infection was determined using histological analysis (L1 being the lowest, L4 being the highest; see Smith et al. [6] for grading criteria; zero signifies subclinical infections, undetected by histology but positive by PCR). Values in parentheses are the total number of positive crabs identified by PCR in each sample. gi Parasites/ml haemolymph as a marker of severity, using crabs Hematodinium-positive via haemolymph preparations only (i.e. clinical infections)

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