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TableĀ 4 Characteristics of species groups involved in malaria parasite transmission in Cameroon

From: Review of malaria situation in Cameroon: technical viewpoint on challenges and prospects for disease elimination

Species complex/group No. of species in the group Present in Cameroon Resting behaviour Feeding behaviour Role in malaria parasite transmission in Cameroon Geographical distribution
An. gambiae complex 9 An. gambiae Endo/exophilic Anthropophilic High Countrywide
An. coluzzii Endo/exophilic Anthropophilic High Countrywide
An. arabiensis Exophilic Anthropozoophilic High Sahelian and savannah
An. melas Exophilic Anthropophilic Unknown Coastal
An. funestus group 11 An. funestus endophilic Anthropophilic High Countrywide
An. leesoni Exophilic Anthropophilic Minor Countrywide
An. rivulorum Exophilic Zoophilic Unknown Dry savannah
An. rivulorum-like Exophilic Zoophilic Unknown Dry savannah
An. nili group 4 An. nili Exophilic Anthropozoophilic High Countrywide
An. ovengensis Exophilic Anthropozoophilic Moderate Forest
An. carnevalei Exophilic More zoophilic Minor Forest
An. somalicus Exophilic Zoophilic None Forest
An. moucheti group 3 An. moucheti Endophilic/ exophilic Anthropophilic High Forest
An. coustani group 8 An. coustani Exophilic More zoophilic Moderate Countrywide
An. ziemanni Exophilic More zoophilic Moderate Countrywide
An. paludis Exophilic Anthropophilic Moderate Forest
An. namibiensis Exophilic Anthropophilic Unknown Forest
An. obscurus Exophilic Zoophilic Unknown Forest
An. marshalli-hancocki group 12 An. marshallii Exophilic More zoophilic Minor Forest
An. hancocki Exophilic Anthropophilic Minor Forest
An. brohieri Exophilic Zoophilic Unknown Savannah
An. wellcomei Exophilic More zoophilic Minor Forest
An. njombiensis Exophilic Zoophilic None Forest
An. hargreavsi Exophilic Zoophilic None Forest
An. pharoensis 1 An. pharoensis Exophilic Anthropozoophilic Moderate Sahelian and savannah
An. rufipes group 2 An. rufipes Exophilic Anthropozoophilic Moderate Sahelian and savannah