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Table 1 Diversity of microorganisms in bovine ticks collected from six districts of Pakistan

From: Bovine ticks harbour a diverse array of microorganisms in Pakistan

Microorganism Punjab Sindh Percentage positive (n/N)
Okara Jhelum Bahawalpur Layyah Thatta Sukkur
B
(t = 42)
C
(t = 40)
B
(t = 18)
C
(t = 6)
B
(t = 19)
C
(t = 44)
B
(t = 1)
C
(t = 25)
B
(t = 11)
C
(t = 3)
B
(t = 12)
C
(t = 13)
Borrelia spp. 3 3 2 1 4 1 1 6.4 (15/234)
Anaplasma marginale 4 8 2 2 1 1 7.7 (18/234)
A. phagocytophilum 1 0.4 (1/234)
A. ovis 1 2 1 1.7 (4/234)
A. centrale 3 1 1 1 2.6 (6/234)
Ehrlichia spp. 12 4 1 4 7 1 10 2 1 5 20 (47/234)
Rickettsia massiliae 3 1 1.7 (4/234)
Rickettsia spp. 3 1 1 2.1 (5/234)
Bartonella spp. 1 0.4 (1/234)
Francisella-like 39 39 14 5 19 40 1 23 7 3 11 13 91.5 (214/234)
Coxiella-like 2 1 1.3 (3/234)
Babesia ovis 1 0.4 (1/234)
Piroplasms 10 20 1 3 5 21 1 5 1   2 5 31.6 (74/234)
Hepatozoon spp. 1 0.4 (1/234)
Total 70 79 18 10 33 76 3 41 17 6 16 25  
  1. Abbreviations: B, Buffalo; C, Cattle; n, tested positive ticks; N, total tested ticks; t, total ticks tested from each bovine host per district