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Table 2 Diversity of microorganisms in various tick species collected from cattle and buffaloes from the six districts of Pakistan

From: Bovine ticks harbour a diverse array of microorganisms in Pakistan

Tick speciesStudy districtBovine hostNo. of ticks testedNo. of ticks infectedDetected microorganisms
Hy. anatolicumAll six districtsaBuffalo9288Borrelia spp., A. marginale, A. phagocytophilum, A. ovis, A. centrale, Ehrlichia spp., R. massiliae, Rickettsia spp., Francisella-like, Coxiella-like, piroplasms
Cattle120116Borrelia spp., A. marginale, A. ovis, A. centrale, Ehrlichia spp., Bartonella spp., Francisella-like, Coxiella-like, B. ovis, piroplasms, Hepatozoon spp.
Hy. hussainiThattaBuffalo21Francisella-like
Cattle11Francisella-like, R. massiliae, Rickettsia spp.
Hy. scupenseJhelumBuffalo10
Rh. microplusOkara and JhelumBuffalo86Borrelia spp., Francisella-like, piroplasms
Cattle98A. marginale, Francisella-like, piroplasms
Rh. annulatusJhelumCattle11A. marginale, piroplasms
Total234221
  1. aOkara, Jhelum, Bahawalpur, Layyah, Thatta, Sukkur