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Table 1 Demographics, history and clinical examination findings of the selected study population (n = 247)

From: Variation in disease phenotype is marked in equine trypanosomiasis

 Study population
(N = 247)
Donkeys
(N = 141)
Horses
(N = 106)
Demographic data
 Age (years), median (IQ range)6 (2.5–12.0)6 (2.5–10.0)8 (2.5–14.0)
 Female, n/N (%)144/247 (58)81/141 (57)63/106 (59)
 Male, n/N (%)103/247 (42)60/141 (43)43/106 (41)
 Estimated weight (kg), median (IQ range)150 (120–225)121 (110–145)240 (200–260)
History
 No veterinary treatment > 1 year, n/N (%)130/247 (53)94/141 (67)36/106 (34)
 No trypanocidal treatment for > 1 year, n/N (%)149/247 (60)105/141 (74)44/106 (42)
 Presented only for health check, n/N (%)68/226 (30)49/133 (37)19/93 (20)
 Abortion, n/N (%)35/144 (24)17/81 (21)18/63 (29)
 Diarrhoea, n/N (%)10/247 (4)1/141 (1)9/106 (8)
 Recent/ recurrent colic, n/N (%)4/247 (2)1/141 (1)3/106 (3)
Body condition score (0–5/5), median (IQ range)1.5 (1.5–2.0)1.5 (1.5–2.0)1.5 (1.0–1.5)
 0.5, n/N (%)18/243 (7)2/139 (1)16/104 (15)
 1, n/N (%)42/243 (17)19/139 (14)23/104 (22)
 1.5, n/N (%)109/243 (45)61/139 (44)48/104 (46)
 ≥ 2.0, n/N (%)74/243 (30)57/139 (41)17/104 (17)
Demeanour
 BAR, n/N (%)40/224 (18)28/124 (22)12/100 (13)
 QAR, n/N (%)136/224 (61)74/124 (58)62/100 (65)
 Dull, n/N (%)48/224 (21)22/124 (17)26/100 (27)
Parameter
 Temperature (°C), median (IQ range)38.1 (37.7–38.6)38.2 (37.8–38.7)37.8 (37.4–38.5)
 Pulse (bpm), median (IQ range)56 (48–64)60 (52–68)48 (42–60)
 Respiration (bpm), median (IQ range)32 (24–46)38 (28–48)30 (24–40)
 Haematocrit (%), median (IQ range)22 (18–24)21 (16–24)22 (19–25)
 Total plasma protein (g/l), median (IQ range)78 (70–88)80 (72–88)78 (70–88)
  1. Notes: Data are presented as median values (interquartile range) or proportions (percentages)
  2. Abbreviations: BAR, bright, alert and responsive; QAR, quiet, alert and responsive; IQ, interquartile, n, number of animals with variable present; N, number of animals with variable measured; bpm, breaths or beats per minute