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Table 1 Oligonucleotide probes used to detect tick-borne pathogen species in caracals (Caracal caracal)

From: Molecular detection of tick-borne pathogens in caracals (Caracal caracal) living in human-modified landscapes of South Africa

SpeciesSequence (5ʹ–3ʹ)Reference
Order Rickettsiales
 Ehrlichia/Anaplasma spp. catch allGGG GGA AAG ATT TAT CGC TA[63]
 Ehrlichia canisTCT GGC TAT AGG AAA TTG TTA[106]
 Ehrlichia ruminantiumAGT ATC TGT TAG TGG CAG[63]
 Anaplasma bovisGTA GCT TGC TAT GRG AAC A[62]
 Anaplasma centraleTCG AAC GGA CCA TAC GC[63]
 Anaplasma chaffeensisACC TTT TGG TTA TAA ATA ATT GTT[63]
 Anaplasma marginaleGAC CGT ATA CGC AGC TTG[63]
 Anaplasma phagocytophilumTTG CTA TAA AGA ATA ATT AGT GG[62]
 Anaplasma sp. OmatjenneCGG ATT TTT ATC ATA GCT TGC GCT[63]
Order Piroplasmida
 Theileria/Babesia spp. catch allATT AGA GTG TTT CAA GCA GACNijhof (unpublished)
 Theileria spp. catch allATT AGA GTG CTC AAA GCA GGC[107]
 Babesia spp. catch all 1ATT AGA GTG CTC AAA GCA GGCNijhof (unpublished)
 Babesia spp. catch all 2ACT AGA GTG TTT CAA ACA GGCNijhof (unpublished)
 Theileria annae (= Babesia vulpes)CCG AAC GTA ATT TTA TTG ATT G[108]
 Theileria annulataCCT CTG GGG TCT GTG CA[60]
 Theileria bicornisGCG TTG TGG CTT TTT TCT G[109]
 Theileria buffeliGGC TTA TTT CGG WTT GAT TTT[110]
 Theileria equiTTC GTT GAC TGC GYT TGG[111]
 Theileria lestoquardiCTT GTG TCC CTC CGG G[112]
 Theileria mutansCTT GCG TCT CCG AAT GTT[60]
 Theileria ovisTGC GCG CGG CCT TTG CGT T[62]
 Theileria parvaGGA CGG AGT TCG CTT TG[60]
 Theileria separataGGT CGT GGT TTT CCT CGT[112]
 Theileria sp. buffaloCAG ACG GAG TTT ACT TTG T[113]
 Theileria sp. kuduCTC CAT TGT TTC TTT CCT TTG[114]
 Theileria sp. sableGCT GCA TTG CCT TTT CTC C[114]
 Theileria taurotragiTCT TGG CAC GTG GCT TTT[60]
 Theileria veliferaCCT ATT CTC CTT TAC GAG T[60]
 Babesia bicornisTTG GTA AAT CGC CTT GGT[109]
 Babesia bigeminaCGT TTT TTC CCT TTT GTT GG[60]
 Babesia bovisCAG GTT TCG CCT GTA TAA TTG AG[60]
 Babesia caballiGTT GCG TTK TTC TTG CTT TT[115]
 Babesia canisTGC GTT GAC GGT TTG AC[115]
 Babesia divergensACT RAT ATC GAG ATT GCA C[115]
 Babesia felisTTA TGC GTT TTC CGA CTG GC[16]
 Babesia gibsoniTAC TTG CCT TGT CTG GTT T[108]
 Babesia lengauCTC CTG ATA GCA TTC[45]
 Babesia leoTTA TGC TTT TCC GAC TGG C[16]
 Babesia microtiGRC TTG GCA TWC TCT GGA[115]
 Babesia occultansCCT CTT TTG GCC CAT CTC GTC[116]
 Babesia rossiCGG TTT GTT GCC TTT GTG[115]
 Babesia sp. sableGCG TTG ACT TTG TGT CTT TAG C[64]
 Babesia vogeliAGC GTG TTC GAG TTT GCC[61]