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Table 2 Reverse line blot hybridisation detection of tick-borne pathogens in South African caracals (Caracal caracal)

From: Molecular detection of tick-borne pathogens in caracals (Caracal caracal) living in human-modified landscapes of South Africa

Order Central Karoo
(n = 27)
Namaqualand
(n = 14)
Cape Peninsula
(n = 16)
 Total proportion of positive reactionsa100100100
 Pathogen: Catch-all probes
RickettsialesEhrlichia/Anaplasma spp.11 (2–29%)b0 (0–23%)88 (62–98%)
PiroplasmidaTheileria/Babesia spp.4 (1–19%)43 (18–71%)88 (62–98%)
Theileria spp.0 (0–13%)0 (0–23%)31 (11–59%)
Babesia sp. 1100 (87–100%)100 (77–100%)100 (79–100%)
Babesia sp. 293 (76–99%)100 (77–100%)100 (79–100%)
Pathogen: Species-specific probes
Babesia felis0 (0–13%)0 (0–23%)75 (48–93%)
Babesia microti0 (0–13%)0 (0–23%)88 (62–98%)
Babesia leo0 (0–13%)0 (0–23%)63 (35–85%)
Theileria annulata4 (1–19%)0 (0–23%)0 (0–21%)
  1. aPathogens for which there were no positive results are not shown in this table. For an exhaustive list of pathogens, see Table 1
  2. bConfidence intervals (95% CI) are calculated according to the Clopper-Pearson method