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Table 1 Reported prevalence of human Taenia saginata taeniosis in East, Southeast and South Asia

From: Epidemiology of Taenia saginata taeniosis/cysticercosis: a systematic review of the distribution in East, Southeast and South Asia

CountryPeriodGroup studiedPrevalence (%) (95% CI)Range of regional prevalence (regional coverage)aReported speciesReferences
Afghanistan2011–2014Soldiers (n = 110); hospitalized (n =1329); students (n =1869)1.39 (1.03–1.87)0.62–1.43 (+)Taenia spp.[52, 53]
Cambodia2006–2011Schoolchildren (n = 27716); adults (n = 7309)0.45 (0.38–0.52)0–2.34 (++)T. saginata (90.5%); T. solium (9.5%)[12, 13]
China2001–2004National survey on taeniosis and cysticercosis (n = 356629)0.28 (0.26–0.30)Nationwide survey (+)Taenia spp.[45, 54,55,56,57]
India2004–2013Children (n = 3992); adults (n = 362)3.84 (3.29–4.46)0.68–4.63 (−)T. saginata[29, 30, 58,59,60]
Indonesia1996–2006Residents (n = 2906)4.68 (3.95–5.53)0–22.50 (+)T. saginata[25, 61, 62]
Japan1995–2010na0naT. saginata[17, 18, 23]
Lao PDR2000–2013Residents (n = 58006)1.56 (1.45–1.65)1.56–11.50 (+)T. saginata[63,64,65,66,67]
Malaysia2001; 2013Schoolchildren (n = 111); residents (n = 110)1.81 (0.58–4.88)0.90–2.73 (−)Taenia spp.[68, 69]
Mongolia1998Adult farmers (n = 206)0.49 (0.03–3.09)(-)T. saginata[70]
Nepal2007–2012;Schoolchildren (n = 503);4.37 (2.83–6.65)1.75–4.71 (+)T. saginata[42, 71,72,73]
2011–2012Schoolchildren (n = 1704)0.41 (0.18–0.88)0.22–1.30 (−)Taenia spp.
Pakistan2006–2014Residents and schoolchildren (n = 5247)7.01 (6.34–7.75)0.21–12.35 (++)T. saginata[31,32,33,34, 74, 75]
Philippines2005; 2011Schoolchildren (n = 259), residents (n = 549)33.71 (30.46–37.11)15.10–42.57 (-)T. saginata[76, 77]
South Korea1997; 2004 –2011Residents (n = 782), national survey (n = 45832)0.03 (0.02–0.05)0.02–0.51 (−)T. saginata; Taenia spp.[78, 79]
Thailand2004–2013Residents (n = 1343), schoolchildren (n = 1920)0.31 (0.16–0.58)0.30–1.60 (+)T. saginata[41, 80,81,82,83]
Vietnam2015Residents (n = 342)5.85 (3.70–9.03)0.20–12.0 (++)T. saginata (45.3%); T. asiatica (49.7%); T. solium (5.0%)[14,15,16, 22]
  1. aRegional coverage is indicated in parentheses:-, poor; +, < 50% of the national territory; ++, > 50% of the national territory); for details see Fig. 2 and extracted data in Additional file 2: Text S1
  2. na, not available; CI, confidence interval