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Table 1 Bartonella prevalence correlating with sex, age, season and degree of urbanisation and location of rodents

From: Rats as potential reservoirs for neglected zoonotic Bartonella species in Flanders, Belgium

Category of rodent collectionTotal no. of collected individuals (n; % (95% CI))No. of tested individualsBartonella spp.-positive samples (n; % (CI)]
Total1123 410; 37.37% (34.50–40.31)
Sex (N = 1097)
 Male647; 57.61% (54.66–60.53)632239; 37.82% (34.02–41.73)
 Female476; 42.26% (39.35–45.21)465171; 36.77% (32.38–41.34)
 na0
Age (N = 1094)
 Juvenile271; 24.13% (21.66–26.74)26375; 28.52% (23.14–34.39)
 Adult849; 75.60% (72.98–78.09)831335; 40.31% (36.96–43.74)
 na3; 0.27% (0.06–0.97)
Season (N = 1025)
 Spring400; 35.62% (32.81–38.50)392138; 35.20% (30.48–40.16)
 Summer12; 1.07% (0.55–1.86)123; 25.00% (5.49–57.19)
 Winter639; 56.90% (53.95–59.82)621251; 40.42% (36.53–44.40)
 na72; 6.41% (5.05–8.01)
Urbanisation (N = 1089)
 Rural749; 66.70% (63.85–69.45)734269; 36.65% (33.24–40.20)
 Town306; 27.25% (24.66–29.95)300122; 40.67% (35.06–46.46)
 Urban60; 5.34% (4.10–6.82)5516; 29.09% (18.70–42.21)
 na8; 0.71% (0.31–1.40)
Province (N = 1089)
 Limburg160; 14.25% (12.25–16.43)15959; 37.11% (29.59–45.12)
 Flemish Brabant155; 13.8% (11.84–15.96)15353; 34.63% (27.14–42.75)
 Antwerp243; 21.64% (19.26–24.16)23353; 22.75% (17.53–28.67)
 East Flanders298; 26.54% (23.97–29.22)294126; 42.86% (37.13–48.73)
 West Flanders259; 23.06% (20.63–25.64)250116; 46.40% (40.09–52.79)
 na8; 0.71% (0.31–1.40)
  1. Abbreviations: N, total number of tested individuals; na, not available due to missing body parts, high grade rotting and/or autolysis, or missing information in the database; CI, confidence interval