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Table 6 Pathogens transmitted by ixodid ticks are significant serological co-exposures

From: Predominant risk factors for tick-borne co-infections in hunting dogs from the USA

 B. burgdorferiAnaplasma spp.Babesia spp.Ehrlichia spp.
Unadjusted RR
(95% CI; P-value)
Unadjusted RR
(95% CI; P-value)
Unadjusted RR
(95% CI; P-value)
Unadjusted RR
(95% CI; P-value)
Region– (< 0.0001)*– (0.0048)*– (0.2665)– (< 0.0001)*
Age0.9599 (0.560–1.801; > 0.9999)0.847 (0.529–1.482; 0.5353)0.6598 (0.491–0.957; 0.0331)*0.4114 (0.196–0.920; 0.0571)*
Sex1.177 (0.767–1.815; 0.5429)1.58 (1.047–2.411; 0.0379)*1.276 (0.9387–1.065; 0.1310)1.349 (0.6397–2.86; 0.5185)
B. burgdorferi1.565 (1.039–2.301; 0.0473)*1.222 (0.876–1.654; 0.2829)1.283 (0.583–2.744; 0.6299)
Anaplasma spp.1.602 (1.041–2.421; 0.0473)*1.62 (1.199–2.159; 0.0027)*1.897 (0.905–3.920; 0.1037)
Babesia spp.1.301 (1.254–2.834; 0.2826)1.879 (1.254–2.834; 0.0027)*1.538 (0.734–3.221; 0.2815)
Ehrlichia spp.1.218 (0.924–2.433; 0.6299)1.583 (0.924–2.433; 0.1037)1.29 (0.811–1.816; 0.2815)
  1. *Significant univariate relationship at P < 0.05 and included in regressive models