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Table 7 Adjusted significant predictors for canine tick-borne diseases

From: Predominant risk factors for tick-borne co-infections in hunting dogs from the USA

VariableAdjusted RR95% CIP-value
Borrelia burgdorferi
 Region (West referent)2.26331.1274–4.54380.0216*
 Age (> 6 years-old referent)1.25140.7405–2.22370.4444
 Anaplasma spp. co-exposure1.44890.9891–2.12250.0569
Anaplasma spp.
 Region (West referent)1.43290.8058–2.54800.2207
 Age (> 6 years-old referent)1.17740.6943–1.99640.5445
 Sex (Male referent)0.71370.4588–1.11770.1405
 B. burgdorferi co-exposure1.33320.9199–1.93210.1288
 Babesia spp. co-exposure1.36311.0412–1.78460.0242*
Babesia spp.
 Age (> 6 years-old referent)1.09230.7181–1.66140.6801
 Anaplasma spp. co-exposure1.62131.2043–2.18260.0014*
Ehrlichia spp.
 Region (West referent)0.05120.0118–0.2226< 0.0001*
 Age (> 6 years-old vs referent)1.49690.6581–3.40440.3360
  1. *Variables statistically significantly associated with tick-borne pathogen seropositivity at P < 0.05