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Table 2 Summary of exploratory factor analysis results (n = 677) with mean values and standard deviations of the items

From: Livestock owners’ worry and fear of tick-borne diseases

Item Distribution Rotated factor loadings (varimax)
Mean SD Emotion Action Information-seeking
Search for information via adminstrations 3.75 1.12 0.23 0.09 0.63
Search for information on the internet 3.91 1.05 0.16 0.28 0.62
Contact stakeholder organisations 2.91 1.13 0.30 0.15 0.64
Feel worry/fear about how to handle the situation 3.27 1.16 0.62 0.09 0.43
Feel worry/fear for being accused for poor animal keeping 2.69 1.31 0.74 0.07 0.16
Become angry over the situation 2.78 1.18 0.70 0.07 0.17
Consider resigning from animal farming 2.31 1.25 0.73 0.03 0.06
Avoid talking about the problem with others 1.56 0.93 0.46 .014 − 0.50
Increase surveillance of the animals 4.28 0.82 0.01 0.45 0.40
Move foraging area 2.63 1.29 0.07 0.77 0.07
Keep animals indoors more frequently 2.44 1.24 0.20 0.71 − 0.02
Clean the grazing area to reduce encroachment (removing bushes) 3.65 1.12 − 0.16 0.64 0.20
Make changes in production 2.48 1.14 0.33 0.53 0.18
Eigenvalue    2.50 2.13 1.93
Percent of variance    19.25 16.41 14.92
Cronbach’s alpha    0.70 0.66 0.65
  1. Note: Values above 0.45 indicated in bold