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Table 2 Variation in prevalence of schistosome infections across Regions/City Administrations, sex and age

From: National mapping of soil-transmitted helminth and schistosome infections in Ethiopia

  Schistosoma mansoni (%) Schistosoma haematobium (%) Any SCH (%)
n Any intensity MHI n Any intensity MHI n Any infection MHI
Region/City Administration
 Addis Ababa 2718 0.1 0.1 1990 0.0 0.0 1990 0.1 0.1
 Afar 2377 0.3 0.1 1740 0.6 0.0 1740 0.9 0.1
 Amhara 25,246 3.0 1.1 18,488 0.2 0.1 18,488 3.8 1.5
 Benishangul-Gumuz 3109 14.9* 5.2 2277 5.4 0.0 2277 16.9 4.0
 Dire Dawa 1701 6.2 2.6 1245 0.0 0.0 1245 7.4 3.3
 Gambela 2977 9.2** 2.1 2180 3.8 1.3 2180 12.9 3.5
 Harari 1804 6.0 2.9 1321 0.0 0.0 1321 6.8 3.3
 Oromia 62,520 2.1 0.9 45,785 0.0 0.0 45,785 2.0 0.9
 SNNPR 37,544 2.6 1.2 27,495 0.0 0.0 27,495 3.0 1.4
 Somali 966 5.9 1.3 707 18.5 11.9 707 21.8 13.2
 Tigray 12,276 10.8* 3.8 8990 0.0 0.0 8990 11.0 3.9
Sex
 Sex 0 (male) 76,385 3.4 1.3 56,061 0.3 0.1 56,061 3.9 1.5
 Sex 1 (female) 76,853 3.6 1.4 56,156 0.3 0.1 56,156 4.1 1.6
Age (in years)
 5–9 1201 4.1 1.4 932 0.8 0.0 932 3.0 0.9
 10 23,962 3.1 1.2 17,782 0.2 0.0 17,782 3.4 1.3
 11 38,332 2.9 1.2 28,201 0.3 0.1 28,201 3.3 1.4
 12 45,447 3.8 1.5 32,977 0.3 0.1 32,977 4.3 1.7
 13 27,693 3.7 1.4 20,203 0.4 0.1 20,203 4.4 1.6
 14 15,342 4.0 1.5 11,171 0.6 0.3 11,171 4.7 1.8
 15 1261 5.2 2.1 952 2.3 1.8 952 7.7 4.1
Total 153,238 3.5 1.4 112,218 0.3 0.1 112,218 4.0 1.6
  1. Notes: MHI: moderate-to-heavy intensity; comparisons to the baseline value (Region/City Administration: Afar; sex: sex 0; age = 12 years) that reveal an odds ratio significantly different of one are indicated by at least one asterisk
  2. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001