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Table 5 Bird species and associated ticks collected in Cluj-Napoca

From: Impact of abiotic factors, habitat type and urban wildlife on the ecology of hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in urban and peri-urban habitats

Host species By location With ticks Ticks species and stage
Columba livia (n = 2) USAMV Campus (n = 2)
Corvus frugilegus (n = 3) USAMV Campus (n = 1); Iuliu Hațieganu Park (n = 2)
Dendrocopos major (n = 1) USAMV Campus (n = 1)
Erithacus rubecula (n = 5) USAMV Campus (n = 2); Iuliu Hațieganu Park (n = 1); Alexandru Borza Botanical Garden (n = 2) USAMV Campus (n = 1) 1. IR × 1L + IR × 1 N
Fringilla coelebs (n = 2) USAMV Campus (n = 2)
Garrulus glandarius (n = 1) Iuliu Hațieganu Park (n = 1) Iuliu Hațieganu Park (n = 1) 1. IR × 1L + IR × 1 N
Parus major (n = 13) USAMV Campus (n = 4); Iuliu Hațieganu Park (n = 2); Alexandru Borza Botanical Garden (n = 7)
Passer montanus (n = 6) USAMV Campus (n = 6) USAMV Campus (n = 4) IR × 1 N/each bird
Phylloscopus collybita (n = 3) USAMV Campus (n = 3) USAMV Campus (n = 1) 1. IR × 1 N
Sitta europaea (n = 2) USAMV Campus (n = 2)
Streptopelia decaocto (n = 1) USAMV Campus (n = 1)
Sturnus vulgaris (n = 4) USAMV Campus (n = 4) USAMV Campus (n = 2) 1. IR × 1 N + HC × 3 N;
2. HC × 2 N
Sylvia atricapilla (n = 1) USAMV Campus (n = 1)
Troglodytes troglodytes (n = 2) Alexandru Borza Botanical Garden (n = 2)
Turdus merula (n = 11) USAMV Campus (n = 5); Alexandru Borza Botanical Garden (n = 6) 1. USAMV Campus (n = 1);
2. Alexandru Borza Botanical Garden (n = 1)
1. IR × 2 N;
2. IR × 1L + IR × 1 N + HP × 2L
  1. Abbreviations: IR, Ixodes ricinus; HC, Haemaphysalis concinna; HP, Haemaphysalis punctata; L, larva; N, nymph