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Table 1 Prevalence and infection intensity of Spirometra erinaceieuropaei in carnivores in NE Poland

From: Multispecies reservoir of Spirometra erinaceieuropaei (Cestoda: Diphyllobothridae) in carnivore communities in north-eastern Poland

Species Location of hosts (no. of infected individuals in parentheses) Sample size No. of infected Prevalence (%) 95% CI Mean infection intensity (range)
AF BPF BV KF MLD Other
Raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides)* 123 (37) 90 (59) 4 (1) 71 (9) 64 (3) 1 (0) 353 109 30.9 26.1–35.8 4.2 (1–23)
European badger (Meles meles) 87 (31) 19 (13) 5 (3) 14 (0) 4 (0) 129 47 36.4 28.4–44.8 38.2 (1–276)
Pine marten (Martes martes) 11 (0) 22 (7) 4 (0) 5 (0) 42 7 16.7 7.0–28.8 2.6 (1–6)
Stone marten (Martes foina) 5 (0) 11 (0) 6 (0) 3 (0) 2 (0) 27 0 0 0–0.07
Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) 7 (2) 7 (0) 1 (0) 15 2 na na 1.5 (1–2)
European polecat (Mustela putorius) 1 (0) 1 (1) 1 (1) 3 (0) 6 2 na na 12.5 (8–17)
American mink (Neovison vison)* 1 (0) 3 (3) 4 3 na na 31.3 (1–92)
River otter (Lutra lutra) 3 (1) 1 (0) 4 2 na na 2.5 (1–4)
Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) 1 (0) 1 (0) 1 (0) 3 0 na na
Total 229 (68) 157 (86) 5 (1) 95 (13) 82 (3) 15 (0) 583 172 29.5 25.9–33.2 14.1 (1–276)
  1. Notes: Prevalence was calculated only for species with sample size > 20 individuals. Locations: AF, Augustów Forest; BPF, Białowieża Primeval Forest; BV, Biebrza Valley; KF, Knyszyn Forest; MLD, Masurian Lake District; Other, areas surrounding studied forest. Binomial confidence intervals were calculated using Bayesian inference
  2. Invasive species are marked with an asterisk
  3. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; na, not available