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Table 2 Summary of input parameters and their values used in the ABM model

From: A spatio-temporal agent-based approach for modeling the spread of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in northeast Iran

Parameter Description Values Source
Sand fly Flight range 500 m [40]
Active period Every day from 00:00 h to 8:00 h in spring and summer
Time interval between meal (forage/bite) and reproduce 5 days
Lifespan 80 days
No. of days a sand fly (egg) reaches the end of the larval stage and turns into the adult sand fly 30 days
Max no. of eggs produced by a sand fly in its whole life (lifespan) 100
Max no. of eggs produced by a sand fly in each discrete time step (reproduction) 30
Carrying capacity (maximum number of existing sand flies in each time step) 1000 Experts’ judgments
Sensory range for move 500 m
Sensory range for meal (bite/forage) 300 m
No. of days a sand fly spends in exposed state (ES) 10 days [41]
Baseline DMR (for larvae and adults) (\(\rho\)) 0.1 [33]
Exponential mortality increases with age (\(\sigma\)) 0.04
Degree of mortality deceleration (\(\varepsilon\)) 0.1
Rodent Movement range 300 m Experts’ judgments
Active period Every day from 00:00 h to 8:00 h in spring and summer [42]
Lifespan 3 years
No. of days a newborn rodent turns into the adult rodent 100 days
Max no. of rodent reproductions during their lifespan 50
Max no. of rodent reproductions per reproduction 5
Carrying capacity (max. no. of existing rodents in each time step) 1000 Experts’ judgments
Sensory range for move 200 m
Human Movement range 50 m
Active period Every day from 8:00 h to 24:00 h
Initial no. 100–2000 User settable
No. of days a human spends in the exposed state (EH) 120 days [41]
No. of days a human spends in the infected state (IH) 150 days
The probability of transiting from recovered state to susceptible state (γ) 0.02 [43]
Infection transmission cycle Transmission probability of infection from sand fly to human and rodent (α) 0.6 [34]
Transmission probability of infection from human and rodent to sand fly (β) 0.275