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Table 1 Changes in Anopheles arabiensis adult median survival time [St(50)] (in days post-emergence) depending on breeding conditions/treatments

From: Second generation effects of larval metal pollutant exposure on reproduction, longevity and insecticide tolerance in the major malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae)

TreatmentSENNSENN-DDT
FemaleMaleFemaleMale
Control29292929
Cd-clean23343136
change in St(50)− 7+ 5+ 1+ 5
Cd-Cd15122322
change in St(50)− 14*− 17*− 6*− 7*
Cu-clean26343033
change in St(50)− 3+ 5+ 1+ 5
Cu-Cu15111919
change in St(50)− 14*− 18*− 10*− 10*
Pb-clean30313531
change in St(50)+ 1+ 2+ 6*+ 2
Pb-Pb24272423
change in St(50)− 5− 2− 5*− 6*
  1. Notes: St(50), time to death of 50% of the population; metal-metal, F1 from polluted water reared in polluted water; metal-clean, F1 from polluted water reared in clean water
  2. *Significant change from the control
  3. Abbreviations: Cd, cadmium; Cu, copper; Pb, lead