Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Tissue samples of loggerhead turtles studied by histopathology for spirorchiid infections according to the geographical area

From: Epidemiology of blood flukes (Digenea: Spirorchiidae) in sea turtles from Tyrrhenian and Adriatic Seas, off Italy

AreaLiverPancreasStomachIntestineHeartLungsKidneysUrinary bladderSpleen
AdriaticNo. tested133918121413232
ASS0.31 (0–1)0.33 (0–1)0.33 (0–1)1.33 (0–3)0.08 (0–1)0.43 (0–2)0.38 (0–1)0.50 (0–1)0.97 (0–2)
SD0.480.580.500.840.290.650.510.710.59
TyrrhenianNo. tested111111111111111012
ASS0.27 (0–2)0.64 (0–3)0.27 (0–2)0.45 (0–3)0.18 (0–2)0.36 (0–2)0.18 (0–2)0.10 (0–1)2.08 (1–3)
SD0.651.210.650.930.600.670.600.320.90
TotalNo. tested241420292325241244
ASS0.29 (0–2)0.57 (0–3)0.30 (0–2)1.00 (0–3)0.13 (0–2)0.40 (0–2)0.29 (0–2)0.17 (0–1)1.27 (0–3)
SD0.551.090.570.960.460.650.550.390.85
  1. Abbreviations: ASS, average severity score; SD, standard deviation
  2. Notes: Only tissues positive at least one time were here included. Values of severity score (0–3) are expressed as average severity score, with range reported in parentheses