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Table 1 ESCCAP parasite infection risk group definitions and deworming recommendations for pets without considering special risk factors (puppies, kittens, animals used for exhibitions) after Strube et al. [32]

From: Survey of Spanish pet owners about endoparasite infection risk and deworming frequencies

Risk groupDescriptionDeworming frequency against roundworms and tapeworms
ALives indoors only or goes outdoors but has no direct contact with dogs and cats of other households and does not eat prey animals/raw meat, carrion or faeces1–2 times per year
BGoes outdoors under supervision and has direct contact with dogs and cats of other households but does not eat prey animals/raw meat, carrion or faeces4 times per year
CGoes outdoors under supervision and has direct contact with dogs and cats of other households and eats prey animals/raw meat, but does not eat carrion or faeces4 times per year against roundworms, 12 times per year against tapeworms
DGoes outdoors without supervision or under supervision and has direct contact with dogs and cats of other households and eats carrion or faeces12 times per year