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Table 2 Recorded studies on chikungunya in DRC, 1958–2018

From: Mosquito-borne viral diseases in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: a review

Province (specific area)Laboratory testNo. of samples tested (% positive)Period of recordReferences
Haut-Uelé (Dungu in Doruma)Animal inoculation3 (100)October-December 1958[14]
Bas-Uelé (Bondo in Bili)Animal inoculation36 (44.0)Rainy season of 1960[15]
Tshopo (Kisangani)ELISA (IgM)45 (28.8)February-March 1998[11]
Kinshasa: Matete (Des Marais), Kingabwa (Bribano), Kinkole (NdakuyaPembe)ELISA IgM, Cell C6/3676 (57.8)February-May 1999; May-July 2000[28]
Whole countryRT-PCR453 (0.4)2003–2012[10]
Sud-Ubangi (Gemena), KwiluRT-PCR110 (1.8))2003–2012[10]
DRC/BelgiumRT-PCR, ELISA 2012[29]
Kinshasa (Binza-Meteo, Mont-Ngafula, Maluku)ELISA 2012[16]
KinshasaRT-PCR, ELISA10 (9.6) IgM; 5 (4.8) in RT-PCR2014[30]