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Table 3 Reported mosquito-borne viruses circulating in diverse animals and mosquitoes in DRC, 1960–2018

From: Mosquito-borne viral diseases in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: a review

Animal/mosquitoCHIKVDENVYFVRVFVWNVONNVAlphavirusFlavivirusStudy location
Chimpanzee+++ +   Haut-uelé (Ango, Bondo) [32]
Elephant+   + ++Garamba National Park [33]
Buffalo++  ++++Garamba National Park [33]
Duiker     +++Ituri Rain Forest [33]
Gorillas      ++Virunga, Garamba National Park [33]
Cattle   +    Katanga, Nord Kivu (Beni, Lubero, Butembo, Masisi, Rutshuru) Sud Kivu (Kabare, Mwenga, Shabunda) Ituri (Aru, Mahagi) [34, 35]
Dog    +   Kinshasa [39]
Horse    +   Kinshasa [38]
Aedes spp.+  +  ++Kinshasa [13]
Anopheles spp.     +  Kinshasa [13]
Culex spp.       +Kinshasa [13]
  1. Key: +, screened positive for virus