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Table 1 Prevalence of FeVBPs, haemoplasmas, FIV and FeLV infection accordingly to age, sex, breed and reproductive status of cats across Italy

From: A molecular survey of vector-borne pathogens and haemoplasmas in owned cats across Italy

VariablenSpeciesTotal Pos (%)
Bartonella spp.HaemoplasmasLeishmania infantumFIVFeLV
B. h. Pos (%)B. c. Pos (%)Total
Pos (%)
CMhm Pos (%)CMt Pos (%)Mhf Pos (%)Total Pos (%)qPCR Pos (%)IFAT Pos (%)Total Pos (%)Pos (%)Pos (%)
Age
 < 18 months1075 (4.7)a, b4 (3.7)c9 (8.4)d, e7 (6.5)2 (1.9)9 (8.4)1 (0.9)1 (0.9)6 (5.6)24 (22.4)
 18 months ≤ 6 years2422 (0.8)a2 (0.8)4 (1.6)d22 (9.1)4 (1.7)26 (10.7)1 (0.4)9 (3.7)9 (3.7)2 (0.8)14 (5.8)50 (20.1)
 > 6 years6098 (1.3)b3 (0.5)c11 (1.8)e66 (10.8)2 (0.3)8 (1.3)76 (12)6 (1)16 (2.9)21 (3.4)6 (0.9)19 (3.2)120 (19.7)
Sex
 Male4467 (1.6)4 (0.9)11 (2.5)71 (16)f7 (1.6)78 (17.5)g5 (1.1)17 (3.8)22 (4.9)h8 (1.8)22 (4.9)125 (27.8)i
 Female5128 (1.6)5 (1)13 (2.5)24 (4.7)f2 (0.4)7 (1.4)33 (6.4)g2 (0.4)9 (1.7)9 (1.7)h17 (3.3)69 (13.5)i
Neutering status
 Neutered81612 (1.5)6 (0.7)18 (2.2)81 (9.9)2 (0.2)11 (1.3)94 (11.5)7 (0.8)17 (2.1)j22 (2.7)k4 (0.5)l31 (3.8)155 (19)m
 Not neutered1423 (2.1)3 (2.1)6 (4.2)14 (9.8)3 (2.1)17 (12)9 (6.3)j9 (6.3)k4 (2.8)l8 (5.6)39 (27.5)m
Breed*
 Common European84214 (1.7)8 (0.9)22 (2.6)90 (10.7)2 (0.2)14 (1.7)106 (12.6)6 (0.7)24 (2.8)28 (3.3)8 (0.9)38 (4.5)184 (21.8)
 Persian281 (3.6)1 (3.6)2 (7.1)2 (7.1)
 Siamese171 (5.9)1 (5.9)1 (5.9)1 (5.9)1 (5.9)1 (5.9)2 (11.8)
 Maine Coon162 (12.5)2 (12.5)2 (12.5)
 Chartreux91 (11.1)1 (11.1)1 (11.1)
 Scottish Fold21 (50)1 (50)
 Korat11 (100)1 (100)1 (100)
 Sphynx11 (100)1 (100)1 (100)
Geographical origin
 North5565 (0.9)n2 (0.4)o7 (1.3)p51 (9.2)2 (0.4)6 (1.1)59 (10.6)1 (0.2)r, s8 (1.4)t9 (1.6)v4 (0.7)23 (4.1)89 (16)x
 Centre1732 (1.2)1 (0.6)3 (1.7)q20 (11.6)2 (1.1)22 (12.7)3 (1.7)r1 (0.6)u3 (1.7)w1 (0.6)5 (2.9)32 (18.5)y
 South2298 (3.5)n6 (2.6)o14 (6.1)p, q24 (10.5)6 (2.6)30 (13.1)3 (1.3)s17 (7.4)t, u19 (8.3)v, w3 (1.3)11(4.8)73 (31.9)x, y
 Total animals95815 (1.6)9 (0.9)24 (2.5)95 (9.9)2 (0.2)14 (1.5)111 (11.6)7 (0.7)26 (2.7)31 (3.2)8 (0.8)39 (4.1)194 (20.2)
  1. Note: Significant differences in pathogens’ prevalence are marked with equal superscript letters. P-value < 0.05. * Only breed of cats scored positive for pathogens are listed
  2. Abbreviations: n, number of animals; pos., positive; B. h., Bartonella henselae; B. c., Bartonella clarridgeiae; CMhm, “Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum”; CMt, “Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis”; Mhf, Mycoplasma haemofelis