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Table 3 Population genetics analyses at VGSC and ace-1 locus

From: Dynamic of resistance alleles of two major insecticide targets in Anopheles gambiae (s.l.) populations from Benin, West Africa

SpeciesPopulationace-1VGSC
201320142015201320142015
FISFISFISFISFISFIS
An. arabiensisBèmbèrèkè   1**  
Bohicon      
Djougou      
Glazoué     1***
Kandi   1***1*** 
FSTFSTFSTFSTFST0.211**FST0.011 nsFST0.917***
An. coluzziiAbomey − 0.02ns    
Avrankou− 0.014ns  0.432*0.195ns0.258ns
Bèmbèrèkè     − 0.037ns
Bohicon   0.38ns0.357ns 
Comè   − 0.019ns0.12ns− 0.054ns
Cotonou − 0.03ns − 0.017ns 0.021ns
Covè   − 0.097ns0.036ns0.489ns
Djougou      
Glazoué    1ns 
Grand-Popo− 0.051ns  − 0.016ns− 0.121ns0.291*
Kandi     −  
Tori-Bossito   − 0.009ns0.17ns0.010ns
FSTFST0.033***FST0.008 nsFSTFST0.078***FST0.058***FST0.165***
An. gambiae (s.s.)Abomey− 0.01ns     
Avrankou   0.421ns  
Bèmbèrèkè    1***0.182ns
Bohicon     − 0.015ns
Comè      
Covè      
Djougou  − 0.029ns− 0.017ns0.488ns1**
Glazoué      
Kandi   1ns1***1***
Natitingou − 0.021ns0.036ns   
Tori-Bossito      
FSTFSTFST0.002 nsFST0.082***FST0.119***FST0.082**FST0.660***
  1. Notes: FIS is an estimation of deviation from the panmictic equilibrium in each species, each population and each year. FST is an estimation of differentiation between populations independently for each year and species (tested using Genepop option 3.3). ns, P > 0.05, *P ≤ 0.05, **P ≤ 0.01, ***P ≤ 0.001). “–” is indicated when no data are available