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Table 1 Univariate logistic regression analysis of association between infection (measured by CFAa) and individual/household risk factors; weighted and adjusted for survey design (n = 1001)

From: Risk factors for lymphatic filariasis and mass drug administration non-participation in Mandalay Region, Myanmar

Risk factor Total (n) CFA positive (%)b CFA positive
aORb 95% CIc P
Individual risk factors
 Age (per year) 997 1.03 1.01–1.05 0.011
 Gender 1001     
  Male 365 4.76 2.34 1.03–5.36 0.044
  Female 636 2.09    
 Occupation 975     
  None/home duties 257 2.84 1.01 0.27–3.82 0.985
  Student 160 0.78 0.27 0.02–3.20 0.286
  Manual labour 519 4.00 1.45 0.35–5.97 0.596
  Other (ref) 39 2.80    
 Work environment 947     
  Outdoor 325 3.26 1.08 0.47–2.47 0.853
  Indoor or mixed 622 3.03    
 Moved to current village 992     
  Yes 148 8.13 3.46 1.45–8.25 0.007
  No 844 2.49    
 Slept under a bednet last night 996     
  Yes 907 2.75 0.46 0.10–2.07 0.298
  No 89 5.76    
 Never taken MDA medication 994     
  Yes 188 7.55 3.67 1.51–8.93 0.006
  No 806 2.18    
 No. times MDA taken 985 0.78 0.57–1.08 0.133
  0 (ref) 188 7.55    
  1–2 336 2.92 0.37 0.12–1.16 0.085
  3–4 273 0.57 0.07 0.01–0.37 0.003
  5–6 188 4.40 0.56 0.20–1.62 0.273
 Did not take MDA last year 994     
  Yes 237 7.18 3.80 1.57–9.17 0.005
  No 757 2.00    
Household risk factors
 Township 1001     
  Amarapura 297 9.07 9.96 2.98–33.29 0.001
  Patheingyi 113 2.61 2.68 0.24–29.54 0.405
  Tada-U 267 3.38 3.49 0.87–13.94 0.075
  Wundwin (ref) 324 0.99    
 Log household monthly income 965 1.89 1.30–2.75 0.002
 Highest level of education 993     
  None/primary 325 3.38 7.44 0.82–67.34 0.072
  Secondary 528 3.81 8.43 0.95–74.90 0.055
  Tertiary (ref) 140 0.47 1.00   
 Elevation (by metre) 997 0.95 0.92–0.99 0.011
 Distance to nearest water body (per km) 989 0.91 0.85–0.98 0.011
 No screens or glass on windows 994     
  Yes 373 6.43 3.52 1.32–9.44 0.015
  No 621 1.92    
 No. people in household 997 1.24 0.96–1.60 0.092
 No. people per bednet (ratio) 987 1.23 0.99–1.53 0.065
 No. of people per room (ratio) 965 1.60 1.35–1.89 < 0.001
  1. aCirculating filarial antigen
  2. bAdjusted for survey design
  3. c95% confidence interval
  4. Italics values indicate P < 0.05
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