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Table 3 Wild animal species tested positive for T. vivax infection

From: Global distribution, host range and prevalence of Trypanosoma vivax: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Host species Scientific name Country Number of tests Positive tests Positivity rate References
Black rhinoceros Diceros bicornis Kenya 1 1 100 [283]
Black striped duiker Cephalophus dorsalis Cameroon 37 3 8.1 [13]
Blue duiker Cephalophus monticola Cameroon 290 24 8.3 [13]
Bosman potto Perodicticus potto Cameroon 8 3 37.5 [13]
Brush tailed porcupine Atherurus africanus Cameroon 106 7 6.6 [13]
Buffoon kob Kobus kob Benin 50 1 2 [10]
Bushbuck Tragolaphus scriptus Zambia 51 4 7.8 [97]
Cape buffalo Syncerus caffer Botswana, Zambia 1105 285 25.8 [9, 97, 100]
Cloaked mangabey Cercocebus albigena Cameroon 12 2 16.7 [13]
Crocodile Crocodylus niloticus Cameroon 3 1 33.3 [13]
De Brazza’s Monkey Cercopithecus neglectus Cameroon 1 1 100 [13]
Dwarf guenon Miopithecus tlapoin Cameroon 55 5 9.1 [13]
Eland Taurotragus oryx Zambia 3 1 33.3 [97]
Giant rat Cricetomys gambianus Cameroon 135 4 2.9 [13]
Greater kudu Tragelaphus strepsiceros Botswana, Zambia 36 26 72.2 [97, 100]
Greater white-nosed monkey Cercopithecus nictitans Cameroon 155 22 14.2 [13]
Grey duiker Sylvicapra grimmia Zambia 7 1 14.3 [97]
Guereza white colobus Colobus guereza Cameroon 14 2 14.3 [13]
Hartebeest Alcelaphus bubalis Benin 20 1 5 [10]
Hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibius Zambia 29 1 3.4 [9]
Impala Aepyceros melampus Botswana 23 14 60.9 [100]
Lechwe Kobus leche Botswana 110 39 35.5 [100]
Long tailed pangolin Manis tetradactyla Cameroon 34 2 5,9 [13]
Mona monkey Cercopithecus mona Cameroon 46 8 17,4 [13]
Monitor lizard Varanus ornatus Cameroon 8 1 12,5 [13]
Moustached monkey Cercopithecus cephus Cameroon 101 11 10.9 [13]
Oryx Oryx beisa Tanzania 1 1 100 [56]
Puku Kobus vardonii Zambia 24 1 4.2 [97]
Reedbuck Redunca sp. Botswana, Zambia 3 3 100 [9, 100]
Sable antelope Hippotragus niger Botswana 22 7 31.8 [100]
Sitatunga Tragelaphus spekei Cameroon 5 1 20 [13]
Small-spotted genet Genetta servalina Cameroon 8 1 12.5 [13]
Southern reedbuck Redunca arundinum Tanzania 4 1 25 [56]
Tree pangolin Manis tricuspis Cameroon 20 5 25 [13]
Tsessebe Damaliscus lunatus Botswana 15 6 40 [100]
Two-spotted palm civet Nandinia binotata Cameroon 32 3 9.4 [13]
Warthog Phacochoerus aethiopicus Zambia 56 1 1.8 [9]
Waterbuck Kobus ellipsiprymnus Zambia 30 19 63.3 [9, 97]
White-eyelid mangabey Cercocebus torquatus Cameroon 5 2 40 [13]