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Table 5 Number of ticks which were PCR-positive for one or more pathogens according to pathogen species positivity and location in northwest Italy and of out-of-region

From: Ticks infesting humans and associated pathogens: a cross-sectional study in a 3-year period (2017–2019) in northwest Italy

Region Province PCR Rickettsia species Borrelia species
R. helvetica R. monacensis R. slovaca R. aeshlimannii Rickettsia spp. A. phagocytophilum B. afzelii B. burgdorferi B. valaisiana B. garinii B. lusitaniae Borrelia spp.
Piedmont Biella 13 2 2           
Cuneo 19 2 2 1   1 1       
Novara 14 1 1           
Turin 52 1 4    1 1 6      
Vercelli 53 4 5    1 1     1   
Verbano-cusio-ossola 319 19 20 3   2 3 5 1 2 2 4 9
  Alessandria 1             
  Asti 1             
Liguria Savona 8   1           
La spezia 1             1
Not determined   6 2            1
Out-of-region   13     1