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Table 3 Demographic characteristics of the patients with anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in the peri-urban area and the city of Kerman, southeastern Iran, 2005–2019

From: A long-lasting emerging epidemic of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in southeastern Iran: population movement and peri-urban settlements as a major risk factor

Area Characteristics Healthy population No. of cases OR (95% CL) P-value
Peri-urban area Age (year) < 10 3586 299 2.046 (1.769–2.366) < 0.001
> 10 13,494 550 1  
Gender Male 8241 395   
Female 8839 454 1.072 (0.933–1.23) 0.172
Nationality Iranian 15,342 762 1  
Afghan 1738 87 1.008 (0.803–1.265) 0.496
Kerman City Age < 10 143,094 1241 1.442 (1.351–1.539) < 0.001
> 10 572,378 3442 1  
Gender Male 357,795 2337   
Female 357,947 2346 1.003 (0.947–1.063) 0.459
Nationality Iranian 658,234 4238 1  
Afghan 57,508 445 1.202 (1.09–1.326) < 0.001
Total Age (years) < 10 146,680 1540 1.542 (1.453–1.635) < 0.001
> 10 586,142 3992 1  
Gender Male 366,547 2732   
Female 366,275 2800 1.026 (0.973–1.081) 0.178
Nationality Iranian 673,846 5001   
Afghan 58,976 531 1.213 (1.109–1.327) < 0.001
Area Kerman 715,742 4683   
Peri-urban 17,080 849 7.597 (7.051–8.186)