Skip to main content

Table 1 Diagnostic and clinical findings during WNV/USUV 2018 integrated surveillance in central Italy

From: West Nile and Usutu viruses co-circulation in central Italy: outcomes of the 2018 integrated surveillance

Municipality Farm ID Species Case WNV USUV
Clinical IgM IgG VNT RT-PCR blood RT-PCR tissue PCR VNT
Cisterna di LT FARM 1 Horse 1 WND +  +   +   +   + (1:80)  
Cisterna di LT FARM 1 Horse 2 No  +   
Cisterna di LT FARM 1 Horse 3 No  +   
Cisterna di LT FARM 1 Culex USUV +         +   
Cisterna di LT FARM 1 Culex USUV +         +   
Cisterna di LT FARM 1 Culex USUV +         +   
Cisterna di LT FARM 2 Horse 4 WND +   +   +   
Cisterna di LT FARM 3 Horse 5 WND +   +   +   
Cisterna di LT FARM 4 Horse 6 WND +   +   +   + (1:80)  
Cisterna di LT FARM 5 Horse 7 WND +   +   +   +   + (1:5)  
Cisterna di LT FARM 5 Horse 8 No  +     + (1:10)
Cisterna di LT FARM 10 Culex USUV +         +   
Aprilia FARM 6 Horse 9 WND +   +   +   +   + (1:5)  + a
Aprilia FARM 6 Culex USUV +         +   
Nettuno FARM 7 Horse 10 WND +   +   +   + (1:20) NP   NP
Velletri FARM 8 Horse 11 WND +   ±   +   + (1:40)  
Velletri FARM 9 Horse 12 No  ±   +   + (1:5)  
     WNV USUV
Clinical IgM IFA IgG   RT-PCR blood RT-PCR tissue PCR IFA
IgM
Cisterna di LT   Human 1 USUV +     +     + 
Cisterna di LT   Human 2 USUV +     +     +  sc
  1. IgG immunoglobulin G, IgM immunoglobulin M, NP not performed, RT-PCR reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, VNT virus neutralization test, sc seroconversion (< 1:20 to 1:40 after 3 weeks)
  2. aLineage 2