Skip to main content

Table 2 Main supergroups and subgroups of Wolbachia detected in vectors

From: Wolbachia: endosymbiont of onchocercid nematodes and their vectors

Arthropod Vector Supergroup detected Subgroup Gene targeted Reference
Aedes Yellow fever virus, dengue (D1, D2, D3, D4) viruses, chikungunya virus, zika virus (ZIKV), Rift Valley fever virus, Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi     
 Ae. albopictus   A, B AlbA, Pip wsp [83, 169, 177]
 Ae. albotaeniatus   A Uni, Albo wsp [83, 178]
 Ae. aegypti   A, B - wsp, 16S rRNA [167]
 Ae. pseudoalbopictus    AlbA, Pip, Pseu wsp [83, 178]
 Ae. (Stegomyia) spp.   A, B AlbA, Pip wsp [83]
 Ae. niveus subgroup A   A Mel, Niv wsp [83, 178]
 Ae. novoniveus   A Riv, Uni, Nov wsp [83, 178]
 Ae. craggi   B CauB, Crag wsp [83, 178]
 Ae. perplexus   B CauB, Perp wsp [83, 178]
 Ae. pseudalbopictus   A, B AlbA, Pip wsp [83]
 Ae. cinereus   B   wsp [177]
 Ae. cantans   B _ wsp [177]
 Ae. cinereus   C Di 16S rRNA [179, 180]
 Ae. detritus   C Di wsp [181]
 Ae. geniculatus   C Di wsp [181]
 Ae. punctor   B, C Pip, Di wsp [181]
 Ae. fluviatilis   B Flu 16S rRNA [182]
 Ae. cooki
 Ae. polynesiensis
 Ae. riversi
  - - 16S rRNA [179, 180]
 Ae. bromeliae   A - wsp [183]
 Ae. metallicus   A - wsp [183]
Armigeres Japanese encephalitis virus, Wuchereria bancrofti, Dirofilaria immitis, Brugia pahangi    wsp  
 Ar. kesseli   B Pip wsp [83]
 Ar. subalbatus   A Riv, AlbA wsp [83, 171]
 Ar. flavus   A AlbA wsp [83]
Anopheles Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax
P. malariae, P. ovale, P.knowlesi,
Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi
    
 An. funestus   A, B Anfu coxA, fbpA and FtsZ [147, 184]
 An. gambiae   A, B Anga-BF, Anga-Mali 16S rRNA [143, 185, 186]
 An. coluzzii   A, B Anga-BF, Anga-Mali 16S rRNA [143, 185, 186]
 An. arabiensis   A, B Anga 16S rRNA [143]
 An. carnevalei   A, B coxA, fbpA and FtsZ [184]
 An. coustani   B coxA, fbpA and FtsZ [184]
 An. hancocki   B coxA, fbpA and FtsZ [184]
 An. implexus   B coxA, fbpA and FtsZ [184]
 An. jebudensis   B coxA, fbpA and FtsZ [184]
 An. marshallii   B coxA, fbpA and FtsZ [184]
 An. moucheti   B coxA, fbpA and FtsZ [184]
 An. nigeriensis   B coxA, fbpA and FtsZ [184]
 An. nili   B coxA, fbpA and FtsZ [184]
 An. paludis   B coxA, fbpA and FtsZ [184]
 An. vinckei   A, B coxA, fbpA and FtsZ [184]
 An. minimus   F, D 16S rRNA [170]
 An. baimaii   D, F 16S rRNA [170]
 An. maculatus   B, F 16S rRNA [170]
 An. pseudowillmori   B 16S rRNA [170]
 An. sawadwongporni   B 16S rRNA [170]
 An. minimus   D 16S rRNA [170]
 An. dirus   B 16S rRNA [170]
Culex West Nile virus, equine encephalitis virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, Saint Louis encephalitis virus, Rift Valley fever virus, Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi     
 Cx p. pipiens   B Pip 16S rRNA [51]
 Cx. fuscocephala   B Pip, Fus wsp [83, 178]
 Cx. gelidus   B Con, Gel wsp [83, 178]
 Cx. quinquefasciatus   A, B Pip wsp [83, 169, 171]
 Cx. sitiens   B Pip, Con, Sit wsp [83, 178]
 Cx. vishnui   A, B Riv, Con wsp [83]
 Cx. brevipalpis   A Mors, Riv, Uni, Bre wsp [83, 178]
 Cx. (Eumelanomyia) spp.   A Eum wsp [178]
 Cx (Lophoceraomyia) spp.   A Lop wsp [178]
 Cx. modestus   B Pip wsp [178]
 Cx. torrentium   B, C Pip, Di wsp [178]
Conquillettidia West Nile virus. Eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus, John Cunningham virus     
 Cq. richiardii   B Con wsp [177, 181]
 Cq. crassipes   A, B   wsp [83]
Hodgesia spp. - A Uni wsp [83]
Mansonia Rift Valley fever virus    wsp  
 Mn. indiana   A, B Riv, Con wsp [83]
 Mn. uniformis   A, B Riv, Con, Pip wsp [83, 171]
 Mn. africana   B wsp [183]
Tripteroides aranoides Sylvan yellow fever virus B Pip wsp [83]
Uranotaenia patriciae Not known (isolated Eastern equine encephalitis virus, cyprovirus, Nounane virus) A, B Mors, Uni, Pip wsp [83]
Phlebotomus Leishmania spp., Bartonella spp., phlebovirus, Toscana virus     
 P. papatasi   A Turk 54, pap wsp [187]
 P. (Larroussius) perfiliewi   B AZ2331 wsp [187]
Paraphlebotomus Leishmania major    wsp  
 Pa. mongolensis   A Turk 07, Turk 54 wsp [187, 188]
 Pa. caucasicus   A Turk 07, Turk 54 wsp [187, 188]
Lutzomyia Leishmania spp.     
 Lu. c. cayennensis   B Lev, Lcy wsp [189]
 Lu. dubitans   B Lev wsp [189]
 Lu. evansi   B Lev wsp [189]
 Lu. cruciata   wsp, 16S rRNA [190]
 Lu. trapidoi   A wsp [191]
 Lu. vespertilionis   A wsp, FtsZ [191]
Culicoides Bluetongue virus, African horse sickness virus, Schmallenberg virus     
 C. pulicaris   A, B wsp [192]
 C. imicola   A, B wsp [192]
 C. kibunensis   B wsp [192]
 C. vexans   B wsp [192]
 C. obsoletus   B wsp [192]
 C. narrabeenensis   B 16S rRNA [193]
Simulium Onchocerca spp.    
 Simulium squamosum   No identity with any of the supergroups Dam aspC, aspS, dnaA, fbpA, ftsZ, groEL, hcpA, IDA, rpoB, rpe, TopI wsp, FtsZ [194, 195]
Glossina Trypanosoma spp.     
 G. morsitans   A Mors wsp [51]
 G. austeni   A Aus wsp [51]
Haematobia irritans irritans Filarial nematode, Stephanofilaria stilesi, Staphylococcus spp. A wIrr Whole genome sequencing [163]
Tabanus sp. Parasite transportation (Dermatobia hominis), biological transmission (Loa loa), and mechanical transmission of viruses, (equine infectious anemia virus), protozoa, (Trypanosoma evansi, Besnotia besnoiti) and bacteria (Bacillus anthracis, Anaplasma marginale) FtsZ [38]
Muscidae Viruses (polioviruses, coxackie viruses), numerous bacteria (Campylobacter jejuniHelicobacter pyloriSalmonella sp., Listeria sp., Yersinia pseudotuberculosisShigellaVibrio), protozoan parasites (Giardia, Entameba) and eggs of several tapeworms     
 Musca sorbens   A wsp [196]
 Musca domestica   B wsp [196]
Calliphoridae Myiasis-producing agent, mechanical transmission of eggs of Taenia sp., Entamoeba coli, Giardia lamblia, Mycobacterium paratuberculosis     
 Chrysomya megacephala   A, B wsp [196]
 Hemipyrellia pulchra   A wsp [196]
Sarcophagidae Myiasis-producing agent     
 Sarcophaga dux   A wsp [196]
 Sarcophaga scopariiformis   B wsp [196]
Fleas Yersinia pestis, Rickettsia spp., Bartonella spp., Dipylidium caninum, Hymenolepis diminuta,     
 Ctenocephalides felis   I 16S rRNA [32, 35, 197]
Tunga penetrans, Pulex irritans, P. simulans, Echidnophaga gallinacea, Ctenocephalides canis
Xenopsylla brasiliensis
Xenopsylla cheopis
Xenopsylla nubica
  Not specified 16S rRNA [197,198,199,200,201,202]
Bugs Trypanosoma cruzi, Bartonella quintana Burkholderia multivorans     
 Cimex lectularius   F 16S rRNA, FtsZ [203]
 Montina sp. (Reduvid bug)   - FtsZ [38]
Ticks
 Rhipicephalus microplus Babesia bovis, Babesia bigemina A 16S rRNA  
 Ixodes ricinus Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) virus A    [204, 205]
 Gustavia microcephala (Oribatid mite) Anoplocephala spp. and Mesocestoidea spp. E 16S rRNA, FtsZ, and gltA [206]