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Table 2 Prevalence and associated risk factors for anti-Toxocara spp. antibodies (IgG) in bovines (n = 553)

From: Serosurvey and associated risk factors of anti-Toxocara spp. antibodies in bovines from slaughterhouses of southeastern Brazil

Characteristics ELISA OR 95% CI P value Overall P value
Negative, n (%) Positive, n (%)
Size of property 0.167
Small 122 (35.9) 60 (28.2) Reference   
Medium 84 (24.7) 76 (35.7) 1.84 1.19–2.85 0.00642  
Large 134 (39.4) 77 (36.2) 1.17 0.77–1.78 0.467  
Cattle type 0.00723
Beef 49 (14.4) 14 (6.57) Reference   
Dairy 291 (85.6) 199 (93.43) 2.37 0.15–2.02 0.00398  
Distance between farmhouse and urban area 0.00106
≤ 5 km 46 (13.5) 53 (24.9) Reference   
> 5 km 294 (86.5) 160 (75.1) 0.47 0.30–0.73 0.000863  
Cattle raising system 0.00027
Extensive 18 (5.29) 26 (12.2) Reference   
Semi-extensive 272 (80.0) 174 (81.7) 0.44 0.23–0.83 0.0114  
Feedlot 50 (14.7) 13 (6.1) 0.18 0.08–0.43 0.0000619  
Dogs on farm 0.000732
No 55 (16.2) 13 (6.1) Reference   
Yes 285 (83.8) 200 (93.9) 2.94 1.61–5.77 0.000296  
Cats on farm 0.000626
No 141 (41.5) 57 (26.8) Reference   
Yes 199 (58.5) 156 (73.2) 1.93 1.34–2.82 0.000417  
Dogs and cats on farm 0.000000424
No 166 (48.8) 57 (26.8) Reference   
Yes 174 (51.2) 156 73.2) 2.60 1.80–3.79 0.000000210  
  1. CI, Confidence interval; OR, odds ratio