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Table 3 Molecular prevalence of Hepatozoon canis, Theileria ovis, and Anaplasma ovis, detected in previous studies, in ticks from Turkey

From: Molecular investigation of bacterial and protozoal pathogens in ticks collected from different hosts in Turkey

Pathogen species Locality Host organism Tick species Diagnostic method Prevalence References
Hepatozoon canis Diyarbakır Dog Rh. sanguineus Conventional PCR 20.58% (14/68 pool) [11]
Ankara Red fox Hae. parva Conventional PCR 33.3% (1/3 pool) [12]
Theileria ovis Elazığ Sheep, Goat Rh. bursa Conventional PCR 19.27% (37/192 individual) [16]
Bolu, Kastamonu, Çorum, Samsun, Tokat, Giresun, Bayburt Sheep, Goat Rh. bursa Conventional PCR 2.37% (10/49 pool) [17]
Sheep, Goat Rh. turanicus Conventional PCR 2.27% (13/70 pool) [17]
Sheep, Goat Rh. sanguineus Conventional PCR 1.47% (1/6 pool) [17]
Anaplasma ovis Ankara Boar, Rabbit, Fox Rh. turanicus, De. marginatus, Hae. parva, Hy. spp., Hy. marginatum, Hy. excavatum, Hy. aegyptium Conventional PCR 0% (0/445 individual and 0/102 pool) [49]
Ankara, Bolu, Kırşehir Cattle, Sheep, Goat, Dog Rh. sanguineus, Rh. turanicus, Rh. bursa, De. marginatus, Hy. marginatum, Hy. excavatum, Hy. anatolicum, Hae. parva, Hae. inermis, Ix. ricinus Conventional PCR 0% (0/75 adult female individual and 0/151 larval pool) [50]
Ankara Sheep Rh. sanguineus Conventional PCR 0.82% (2/242 individual) [51]