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Table 1 Prevalence of infection with different vector-borne pathogens in brown and spotted hyenas from Namibia and spotted hyenas from Tanzania

From: Genetic diversity of vector-borne pathogens in spotted and brown hyenas from Namibia and Tanzania relates to ecological conditions rather than host taxonomy

Pathogen Brown hyenas Namibia (BHNA) Spotted hyenas Namibia (SHNA) Spotted hyenas Tanzania (SHTZ) Significance of comparisons (pa)
  n N Freq. (%) 95% CI (%) n N Freq. (%) 95% CI (%) n N Freq. (%) 95% CI (%) BHNA vs SHNA BHNA vs SHTZ SHNA vs SHTZ
Onchocercidae 7 17 47.1 26.2–69.0 9 19 47.4 27.3–68.3 9 25 36.0 20.2–55.5 1.000 1.000 1.000
Piroplasms 13 17 76.5 52.7–90.4 11 19 57.9 36.3–76.9 7 25 28.0 14.3–47.6 0.266 0.008 0.111
Babesia lengau 12 17 70.6 46.9–86.7 16 18 88.9 67.2–96.9 8 25 32.0 17.2–51.6 0.213 0.036 0.001
Hepatozoon spp. 11 17 64.7 41.3–82.7 7 19 36.8 19.1–59.0 11 25 44.0 26.7–62.9 0.337 0.416 0.650
Anaplasmataceae 14 17 82.4 59.0–93.8 19 19 100.0 83.2–100.0 8 25 32.0 17.2–51.6 0.026 0.003  < 0.001
Rickettsia spp. 1 17 5.9 1.0–27.0 3 19 15.8 5.5–37.6 0 25 0.0 0.0–13.3 0.810 0.810 0.219
  1. n: number of positive samples; N: number of analysed samples; Freq.: frequency; 95% CI: 95% confidence interval
  2. amid-P exact test results after correction using the Holm method