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Table 2 Ticks collected from equids in selected districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, between November 2018 and October 2019

From: Risk factors associated with tick infestations on equids in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, with notes on Rickettsia massiliae detection

Districts Tick species Total no. collected ticks Ticks processed for molecular analysesa No. of ticks yielding rickettsial DNA Host infested with Rickettsia-positive ticks
Upper Dir Rhipicephalus. microplus 11 4 N, 1 M, 3 F 1 N Mule
Bajaur Rh. haemaphysaloides 17 3 N, 1 M, 2 F 1 N Horse
  Rh. microplus 07 2 N, 1 F 1 N
Mardan Rh. haemaphysaloides 51 2 N, 1 F 1 N Horse
Rh. microplus 8 2 N, 1 F 1 N
Rh. turanicus 9 1 N, 1 F  
Rh. sanguineus 33 3 N, 1 M, 2F
Peshawar Rh. microplus 92 3 N, 3 F 2 Nb Donkey
Hyalomma anatolicum 11 3 N, 1 M, 3 F  
Charsadda Rh. haemaphysaloides 85 3 N, 2 F 1 N Horse
Rh. microplus 10 2 N, 1 M, 1 F 1 N
Malakand Rh. microplus 17 1 N, 1 F 1 N Horse
Rh. turanicus 3 2 N, 1 M, 1 F  
Swabi Rh. microplus 82 2 N, 1 F 1 F Horse
Rh. turanicus 14 3 N, 1 M, 2 F  
Nowshera Rh. microplus 87 2 N, 3 F 1 N Mule
Rh. turanicus 13 2 N, 1 M, 3 F  
Buner Rh. microplus 27 6 N, 1 M, 5 F 1 F Donkey
  Total 550 91 (46 N, 9 M, 36 F) 13 (14%)  
  1. aPCR assays targeting the tick 16S rRNA gene and the rickettsial gltA, and ompA gene; N nymphs, M males, F females
  2. bBoth nymphs of Rh. microplus were from the same donkey