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Table 1 Summary results obtained against wild An. gambiae s.l. in experimental huts

From: Evaluation of Yahe® and Panda® 2.0 long-lasting insecticidal nets against wild pyrethroid-resistant Anopheles gambiae s.l. from Côte d’Ivoire: an experimental hut trial

  Untreated net CTN 1 CTN 2 Panda® Net 2.0 unwashed Panda® Net 2.0 washed 20X PermaNet® 2.0 unwashed PermaNet® 2.0 washed 20X Yahe® LN unwashed Yahe® LN washed 20X
Total females caught 1014 1098 1363 209 565 485 1388 478 1021
Average catch per night
(95% CI)
11.0d,e
(7.0–17.5)
11.7d,e
(7.4–18.6)
15.4 e
(9.8–24.3)
3.6a
(2.2–5.9)
7.3b,c
(4.5–11.7)
4.9a,b
(3.0–8.0)
13.8d,e
(8.7–21.7)
5.5a,b
(3.4–8.9)
9.8c,d
(6.1–15.5)
Deterrence (%) −6.1 −39.7 67.8 33.8 55.5 −24.8 50.4 11.5
Total females in veranda 288 351 378 138 332 291 535 237 344
Exophily (%)
(95% CI)
26.2 a
(21.5–31.5)
30.6 a,b
(25.4–36.2)
28.4 a,b
(23.6–33.7)
64.0 e
(55.3–71.9)
56.6d,e
(49.7–63.2)
59.1e
(52.0–65.8)
37.5
(31.9–43.4)
48.4d
(41.3–55.6)
34.2b,c
(28.6–40.3)
Induced exophily (%) 5.9 3.0 51.2 41.2 44.6 15.3 30.0 10.9
Blood feeding (%)
(95% CI)
62.4e
(54.7–69.5)
64.2e
(56.7–71.1)
58.5d,e
(50.9–65.8)
19.7a
(13.6–27.7)
25.3a
(19.2–32.5)
25.9a
(19.7–33.4)
51.2c
(43.5–58.8)
39.5b
(31.5–48.0)
53.9c,d
(45.9–61.6)
Blood-feeding inhibition (%) −3.0 6.2 68.4 59.5 58.4 17.9 36.7 13.6
Blood-fed and alive (%)
(95% CI)
60.3f
(52.7–67.4)
62.5f
(55.1–69.4)
57.1e,f
(49.6–64.2)
9.5a
(5.9–15.0)
21.3b
(16.0–27.2)
22.0b
(16.5–28.8)
49.3d
(41.9–56.8)
38.0c
30.3–46.3)
52.1d,e
(44.4–59.8)
Average female blood-fed per night (95% CI) 6.6c,d
(4.2–10.5)
7.3c,d
(4.6–11.7)
8.9d
(5.6–14.0)
0.8a
(0.4–1.4)
1.9b
(1.1–3.2)
1.4a,b
(0.8–2.3)
7.2c,d
(4.5–11.4)
2.2b
(1.3–3.6)
5.1c
(3.2–8.2)
Personal protection (%) −10.8 −33.7 88.1 71.5 79.4 −8.6 67.3 22.5
Overall mortality (%)
(95% CI)
8.5a
(6.4–11.2)
9.4a,b
(7.2–12.2)
8.4a
(6.4–10.9)
53.7d
(44.9–62.2)
25.3c
(20.2–31.2)
23.0c
(18.0–28.8)
9.8a,b
(7.6–12.6)
14.5b
(10.7–19.2)
10.6a,b
(8.1–13.9)
Corrected mortality (%) 1.0 −0.1 49.4 18.4 15.8 1.5 6.5 2.4
  1. Untreated net (negative control) was used as reference category for the analysis. Values in the same row sharing the same letter superscript do not differ significantly at 5% level (GLM, p > 0.05)
  2. Washed 20X: net washed 20 times