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Table 4 Infection prevalence of tick-borne pathogens in questing Ixodes ricinus ticks

From: Wild ungulate species differ in their contribution to the transmission of Ixodes ricinus-borne pathogens

Life stage Anaplasma phagocytophilum Borrelia burgdorferi (s.l.) Borrelia miyamotoi Babesia spp.
nP IP (95% CI) nP IP (95% CI) nP IP (95% CI) nP IP (95% CI)
Nymphs (n = 881) 36 0.04 (0.03–0.05) 136 0.15 (0.13–0.18) 8 0.01 (0.00–0.02) 8 0.01 (0.00–0.02)
Adults (n = 84) 8 0.10 (0.04–0.15) 16 0.19 (0.11–0.26) 1 0.01 (0.00–0.04) 3 0.04 (0.00–0.07)
  1. nP and IP (95% CI) are as defined in footnote of Table 3