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Table 2 Number of positive cats and prevalence (%) of endo- and ectoparasites reported from the 13 centers (3 geographical areas in Italy) participating in the study

From: Prevalence and risk factors associated with cat parasites in Italy: a multicenter study

  Northern area Central area Southern area Total, n (%)
Study centers: TO MI PD PR BO PI PG TE BA CZ NA SS ME
Gastrointestinal parasites
 Number of cats 85 84 64 84 14 49 89 85 84 84 89 91 85 987
 Toxocara cati 8 (9.4) 21 (25.0) 19 (29.7) 12 (14.3) 8 (57.1) 14 (28.6) 11 (12.4) 16 (18.8) 15 (17.9) 37 (44.0) 29 (32.6) 28 (30.8) 35 (41.2) 253 (25.6)
 Toxascaris
leonina
4 (4.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.2) 2 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.2) 0 (0.0) 9 (0.9)
 Ancylostomatidae 1 (1.2) 2 (2.4) 5 (7.8) 12 (14.3) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.2) 6 (7.1) 4 (4.8) 12 (14.3) 9 (10.1) 32 (35.2) 14 (16.5) 98 (9.9)
 Strongyloides
stercoralis
0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.0)
 Cystoisospora
felis
6 (7.1) 4 (4.8) 0 (0.0) 5 (6.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (4.1) 7 (7.9) 9 (10.6) 6 (7.1) 13 (15.5) 17 (19.1) 23 (25.3) 9 (10.6) 101 (10.2)
 Cystoisospora
rivolta
1 (1.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.2) 2 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 8 (9.0) 2 (2.2) 0 (0.0) 14 (1.4)
 Giardia
duodenalis
0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (3.4) 4 (4.4) 0 (0.0) 11 (1.1)
 Dipylidium
caninum
0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.2) 2 (14.3) 1 (2.0) 8 (9.0) 1 (1.2) 0 (0.0) 13 (15.5) 2 (2.2) 0 (0.0) 5 (5.9) 33 (3.3)
 Taenia taeniformis 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.6) 2 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (3.4) 0 (0.0) 5 (6.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.4) 13 (1.3)
 Mesocestoides spp. 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.1)
 Thelazia spp. 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.0) 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.2) 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (0.4)
Lung parasites
 Number of cats 85 84 64 84 14 49 89 85 84 84 89 91 85 987
 Aelurostrong abstrusus 1 (1.2) 4 (4.8) 3 (4.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 5 (5.6) 6 (7.1) 2 (2.4) 1 (1.2) 16 (18.0) 19 (20.9) 19 (22.4) 76 (7.7)
 Troglostrongylus brevior 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (14.3) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (3.5) 1 (1.2) 0 (0.0) 4 (4.5) 2 (2.2) 0 (0.0) 12 (1.2)
 Capillaria aerophila 1 (1.2) 3 (3.6) 3 (4.7) 2 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.1) 7 (8.2) 1 (1.2) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.1) 2 (2.2) 1 (1.2) 22 (2.2)
Ectoparasites
 Number of cats 85 84 64 84 14 49 89 85 84 84 89 91 85 987
 Ctenocephalides felis felis 16 (18.8) 12 (14.3) 17 (26.6) 14 (16.7) 6 (42.9) 25 (51.0) 23 (25.8) 13 (15.3) 32 (38.1) 15 (17.9) 28 (31.5) 45 (49.5) 44 (51.8) 290 (29.4)
 Rhipicephalus spp. 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (21.4) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 6 (0.18)
 Ixodes spp. 2 (2.4) 2 (2.4) 2 (2.4) 3 (3.6) 0 (0.0) 10 (20.4) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.4) 1 (1.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 5 (5.5) 0 (0.0) 27 (3.12)
 Lice 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (3.1) 2 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.2) 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 8 (0.8)
 Otodectes cynotis 3 (3.5) 1 (1.2) 6 (9.4) 5 (6.0) 1 (7.1) 7 (14.3) 34 (38.2) 3 (3.5) 14 (16.7) 2 (2.4) 14 (15.7) 3 (3.3) 4 (4.7) 97 (9.8)
 Notoedres cati 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.2) 2 (2.2) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.2) 5 (0.5)
Neotrombicula
autumnalis
0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (0.2)
 Cheyletiella spp. 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.1)
 Demodex spp. 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
  1. Values in table are presented as the number of cats with the percentage in parentheses
  2. TO Turin, MI Milan, PD Padua, PR Parma, BO Bologna, PI Pisa, PG Perugia, TE Teramo, BA Bari, CZ Catanzaro, NA Naples, SS Sassari, ME Messina