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Table 6 Pathogen prevalence in flea and tick pools collected from infested dogs

From: A community approach of pathogens and their arthropod vectors (ticks and fleas) in dogs of African Sub-Sahara

Tick and flea pools Overall Tanzania (%) Kenya (%) Uganda (%) Nigeria (%) Ghana (%) Namibia (%)
Rural Urban P Rural Urban P Rural Urban P Rural Urban P Rural Urban P Rural Urban P
Ticks
 B. canis 0.0 0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0  
 B. rossi 2.4 0.0 0.0   6.9 0.0   0.0 6.5   1.8 3.9   5.1 0.0   0.0 0.0  
 B. felis 0.6 4.4 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   1.8 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0  
 E. chaffeensis 0.0 0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0  
 A. platys 10.6 20.0 26.0 ns 0.0 0.0   0.0 6.5   29.8 3.9 ** 15.4 13.3 ns 0.0 2.6  
 A. phagocytophilum 0.0 0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0  
 R. conorii 3.7 2.2 0.0   18.1 0.0 ** 5.3 6.5   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 2.6  
 R. africae 2.1 4.4 0.0   1.4 0.0   7.9 0.0   1.8 0.0   7.7 2.2   0.0 0.0  
 C. burnetti 15.1 11.1 2.0 ns 63.9 0.0 *** 15.8 10.9 ns 29.8 2.0 ** 0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0  
 H. canis 60.5 75.6 76.0 ns 80.6 62.5 ns 50.0 41.3 ns 91.2 58.8 *** 56.4 46.7 ns 29.0 20.5 ns
 D. immitis 0.2 0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 2.2   0.0 0.0  
 E. canis 5.4 2.2 8.0   2.8 0.0   0.0 0.0   12.3 13.7 ns 10.3 6.7 ns 3.2 0.0  
 Tick pools (N) 537 45 50   72 24   38 46   57 51   39 45   31 39  
 Shannon index   1.2 0.9 ns 1.2 0.0 ** 1.0 1.3 ns 1.3 0.9 ** 1.2 1.0 ns 0.3 0.6 ns
Fleas
 B. henselae 0.8 0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0   0.0 8.3   0.0 0.0  
 M. haemofelis 14.2 3.7 16.0 ns 22.6 30.8 ns 12.5 10.0 ns 13.6 0.0   5.9 12.5 ns 0.0 11.8  
 D. caninum 11.9 3.7 4.0   3.8 0.0   27.5 25.0 ns 31.8 0.0   5.9 4.2   0.0 11.8  
 Flea pools (N) 261 27 25   53 13   40 20   22 1   17 24   2 17  
 Shannon index   0.7 0.5 ns 0.4 0.0 ns 0.6 0.6 ns 0.6 0.0   0.7 1.0 ns 0.0 0.7  
  1. Pathogen prevalence in 261 flea pools and 537 tick pools collected from infested dog individuals in urban and rural areas of six African countries. No pair-wise comparisons have been performed for countries in which less than three dog individuals have been sampled in one of its habitats. For statistical outcomes on macrogeographic contrasts, see Fig. 5
  2. ***P < 0.001, **P < 0.01, ns (not-significant) P > 0.05