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Table 1 Published Bartonella species and subspecies, the status of their published name according to the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP), year first described, and first-mentioned host reservoir(s) together with their category and taxonomic order

From: Emerging rodent-associated Bartonella: a threat for human health?

Order Host species Host category Species name Nomenclatural status Candidatus status Reviewed name Former name References Year
Rodentia Acomys russatus Rodent Bartonella acomydis Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [51] 2013
Apodemus spp. Rodent Bartonella birtlesii Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [175] 2000
Callosciurus notatus Rodent Bartonella callosciuri Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [51] 2013
Rattus leucopus Rodent Bartonella coopersplainsensis Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [136] 2009
Microtus agrestis Rodent Bartonella doshiae Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [176] 1995
Rodents Rodent Bartonella elizabethae Validly published under the ICNP No Yes Rochalimaea elizabethae [177] 1993
Dipodillus dasyurus Rodent Bartonella fadhilii Not validly published Yes Yes (corrected) Bartonella fadhilae [178] 2017
Microtus spp. Rodent Bartonella fuyuanensis Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [62] 2015
Lophuromys sp. Rodent Bartonella gabonensis Not validly published No No   [179] 2020
Gerbillus spp. Rodent Bartonella gerbillinarum Not validly published Yes Yes   [180] 2018
Clethrionomys glareolus Rodent Bartonella grahamii Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [176] 1995
Rodents Rodent Bartonella heixiaziensis Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [62] 2015
Jaculus orientalis Rodent Bartonella jaculi Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [51] 2013
Apodemus argenteus Rodent Bartonella japonica Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [80] 2010
Gerbillus spp. Rodent Bartonella khokhloviae Not validly published Yes Yes (corrected) Bartonella khokhlovae [180] 2018
Rattus rattus Rodent Bartonella kosoyi Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [181] 2020
Rattus rattus Rodent Bartonella krasnovii Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [181] 2020
Marmota monax Rodent Bartonella marmotae Not validly published Yes Yes (corrected) Bartonella monaxi [182] 2009
Mastomys erythroleucus Rodent Bartonella mastomysi Not validly published No No Bartonella mastomydis [183] 2018
Gerbillus spp. Rodent Bartonella negevensis Not validly published Yes Yes (corrected) Bartonella negeviensis [180] 2018
Pachyuromys duprasi Rodent Bartonella pachyuromydis Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [51] 2013
Peromyscus spp. Rodent Bartonella peromysci Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [176] 1995
Rattus norvegicus Rodent Bartonella phoceensis Not validly published No No   [160] 2004
Melomys spp.; Rattus spp. Rodent Bartonella queenslandensis Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [136] 2009
Mastomys erythroleucus Rodent Bartonella raoultii Not validly published Yes No   [131] 2014
Rattus spp. Rodent Bartonella rattaustraliani Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [136] 2009
Rattus norvegicus Rodent Bartonella rattimassiliensis Not validly published No No   [160] 2004
Sciurus vulgaris Rodent Bartonella rudakovii Not validly published Yes Yes   [184] 2012
Gerbilliscus gambianus Rodent Bartonella sahelensis Not validly published No Yes (corrected) Bartonella saheliensis [131] 2014
Dipodillus dasyurus Rodent Bartonella sanaae Not validly published Yes Yes   [178] 2017
Apodemus argenteus Rodent Bartonella silvatica Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [80] 2010
Apodemus, Clethrionomys Rodent Bartonella taylorii Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [176] 1995
Rattus surifer Rodent Bartonella thailandensis Not validly published Yes Yes   [114] 2009
Rattus spp. Rodent Bartonella tribocorum Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [185] 1998
Voles Rodent Bartonella vinsonii subsp. vinsonii Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [186] 1996
Peromyscus yucatanicus Rodent Bartonella vinsonii subsp. yucatanensis Not validly published No No   [187] 2016
Glaucomys volans Rodent Bartonella volans Not validly published Yes Yes   [182] 2009
Cynomys ludovicianus Rodent Bartonella washoensis subsp. cynomyisi Not validly published Yes Yes (corrected) Bartonella washoensis subsp. cynomyisii [188] 2008
Lagomorpha Oryctolagus cuniculus Small mammal (rabbit) Bartonella alsatica Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [185] 1999
Dasyuromorphia Antechinus flavipes Small mammal (Marsupialia) Bartonella antechini Not validly published Yes Yes   [189] 2011
Diprotodontia Macropus giganteus Big mammal (Marsupialia) Bartonella australis Not validly published No No   [190] 2007
Bettongia penicillata Small mammal (Marsupialia) Bartonella bettongiae Not validly published Yes Yes (corrected) Bartonella woyliei [189] 2011
Eulipotyphla Crocidura russula Small mammal (Soricidae) Bartonella florencae Validly published under the ICNP No Yes (corrected) Bartonella florenciae [131] 2014
Crocidura suaveolens Small mammal (Soricidae) Bartonella refiksaydamii Not validly published No No   [191] 2021
Talpa europaea Small mammal (Talpidae) Bartonella talpae Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [176] 1995
Chiroptera Myotis daubentonii Small mammal (Vespertilionidae) Bartonella hemsundetensis Not validly published Yes Yes (corrected) Bartonella hemsundetiensis [192] 2015
Bats Small mammal Bartonella lascolai Not validly published Yes No   [193] 2016
Bats Small mammal Bartonella naantaliensis Not validly published Yes No   [194] 2014
Bats Small mammal Bartonella rolaini Not validly published Yes No   [193] 2016
Fruit bats Small mammal Bartonella rousetti Not validly published No Yes   [188, 195] 2020
Peramelemorphia Perameles bougainville Small mammal (Peramelemorphia) Bartonella peramelis Not validly published yes Yes (corrected) Bartonella bandicootii [189] 2011
Xenarthra NA Small mammal Bartonella washoensis subsp. brasiliensis Not validly published Yes Yes   [196] 2020
Primates Homo sapiens sapiens Human Bartonella bacilliformis Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [197] 1913
Homo sapiens sapiens Human Bartonella mayotimonensis Not validly published Yes Yes   [143] 2010
Homo sapiens sapiens Human Bartonella quintana Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [177] 1993
Homo sapiens sapiens Human Bartonella tamiae Not validly published No No   [198] 2008
Homo sapiens sapiens Human Bartonella vinsonii subsp. arupensis Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [199] 1999
Canis familiaris/Homo sapiens sapiens Human Bartonella vinsonii Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [177] 1993
Homo sapiens sapiens Human Bartonella washoensis Not validly published No Yes (corrected) Bartonella washoeensis [200] 1998
Carnivora Felis silvestris catus Big mammal Bartonella clarridgeiae Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [201] 1996
Felis silvestris catus Big mammal Bartonella henselae Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [177] 1993
felis silvestris catus Big mammal Bartonella koehlerae Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [202] 2000
Puma concolor, Lynx rufus Big mammal Bartonella koehlerae subsp. bothieri Not validly published No No   [203] 2016
Puma concolor, Lynx rufus Big mammal Bartonella koehlerae subsp. boulouisii Not validly published No No   [203] 2016
Felis silvestris catus Big mammal Bartonella koehlerae subsp. koehlerae Not validly published No No   [202] 2000
Procyon lotor, Canis familiaris Big mammal Bartonella rochalimae Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [204] 2012
Canis familiaris Big mammal Bartonella merieuxii Not validly published Yes Yes   [184] 2012
Canis familiaris Big mammal Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [186] 1996
Urva auropunctata Big mammal Bartonella kittensis Not validly published Yes No   [205] 2021
Artiodactyla Bos taurus Big mammal Bartonella bovis Validly published under the ICNP No Yes Bartonella weissii [206] 2002
Capreolus capreolus Big mammal Bartonella capreoli Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [206] 2003
Bos taurus Big mammal Bartonella chomelii Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [207] 2004
Bos taurus Big mammal Bartonella davoustii Not validly published Yes Yes (corrected) Bartonella davousti [208] 2017
Camelus dromedarius Big mammal Bartonella dromedarii Not validly published No No   [209] 2014
Ovis aries Big mammal Bartonella melophagi Not validly published No Yes   [210, 211] 2016
Ovis aries Big mammal Bartonella ovis Not validly published Yes Yes   [212] 2018
Odocoileus virginianus Big mammal Bartonella odocoilei Not validly published Yes No   [213] 2021
Bos taurus, Capreolus capreolus Big mammal Bartonella schoenbuchensis Validly published under the ICNP No Yes (corrected) Bartonella schoenbuchii [214] 2001
Eratyrus mucronatus Big mammal Bartonella cariotis Not validly published Yes Yes (corrected) Bartonella rondoniensis [215] 2017
Ixodida Ornithodoros sonrai Arthropoda Bartonella senegalensis Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [131] 2014
  Ornithodoros sonrai Arthropoda Bartonella massiliensis Not validly published No No   [216] 2019
Siphonaptera Orchopeas howardi Arthropoda Bartonella durdenii Not validly published Yes Yes   [182] 2009
Hymenoptera Apis mellifera Arthropoda Bartonella apis Validly published under the ICNP No Yes   [217] 2016
ND ND Arthropoda Bartonella ancashensis Validly published under the ICNP No Yes (corrected) Bartonella ancashi [218] 2015
  1. Subsp. Subspecies, ND not determined