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Table 5 Prevalence of the four most prevalent vector-borne pathogens in roe deer by host age category, sex, nutritional condition and health status

From: Prevalence and predictors of vector-borne pathogens in Dutch roe deer

Host factor Host factor category (sample size) Pathogen prevalence (%) (95% CI)    
   A. phagocytophilum Bartonella spp. Babesia spp. Rickettsia spp.
Age category Calf ( n = 145) 85.5 (78.5–90.6) 78.6 (70.9–84.8) 25.5 (18.8–33.5) 3.4 (1.3–8.3)
  Yearling ( n = 105) 77.1 (67.7–84.5) 77.1 (67.7–84.5) 15.2 (9.2–23.9) 5.7 (2.3–12.5)
  Adult ( n = 204) 73.0 (66.3–78.8) 77.5 (71.0–82.9) 12.7 (8.6–18.3) 1.5 (0.4–4.6)
Sex Female ( n = 304) 76.6 (71.4–81.2) 76.0 (70.7–80.6) 19.1 (14.9–24.0) 3.6 (1.9–6.6)
  Male ( n = 155) 80.6 (73.4–86.3) 80.6 (73.4–86.4) 14.2 (9.3–20.9) 2.6 (0.8–6.9)
Nutritional condition Poor ( n = 38) 73.7 (56.6–86.0) 86.8 (71.1–95.0) 15.8 (6.6–31.9) 10.5 (3.4–25.7)
  Moderate ( n = 376) 79.3 (74.7–83.1) 77.6 (73.0–81.7) 17.8 (14.2–22.1) 2.7 (1.4–5.0)
  Good ( n = 40) 67.5 (50.8–80.9) 70.0 (53.3–82.9) 10.0 (3.3–24.6) 2.5 (0.1–14.7)
Health status Ill ( n = 19) 73.7 (48.6–89.9) 84.2 (59.5–95.8) 31.6 (13.6–56.5) 10.5 (1.8–34.5)
  Healthy ( n = 404) 78.2 (73.8–82.1) 77.9 (73.5–81.9) 16.8 (13.4–20.9) 2.7 (1.4–5.0)