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Table 1 Number of CE cases belonging to E. granulosus sensu lato complex species at country level in Europe

From: Species and genotypes belonging to Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato complex causing human cystic echinococcosis in Europe (2000–2021): a systematic review

  Total human CE cases detected in the study (n = 599)   Human CE cases circulating in Europe (n = 413)  
  E. granulosus s.l. (total) E. granulosus s.s. (G1, G3) % E. ortleppi (G5) % E. canadensis (G6/7, G10) % E. vogeli E. granulosus s.l. (total) E. granulosus s.s. (G1, G3) % E. ortleppi (G5) % E. canadensis (G6/7, G10) % References***
Albania 3 3 100       3 3 100      32, 45, PC7
Austria 77 50 64.9    27 35.1   33 9 27.3    24 72.7 32, 46
Belgium 1 1 100              PC3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 5 5 100       5 5 100      45, PC8
Bulgaria 41 41 100       41 41 100      19, 29, 32, 42
Croatia 6 6 100       6 6 100      43, PC2
Finland 3 2 66.7    1* 33.3   1      1* 100 26, 28, 42
France 37 30 81.1 4 10.8 3 8.1   10 6 60 4 40    25, 40, 41, PC4
Germany 68 66 97.1 1 1.5 1 1.5          51, PC8
Greece 2 2 100       2 2 100      32, PC10
Hungary 3 2 66.7    1 33.3   3 2 66.7    1 33.3 32, 44, PC9
Italy 48 48 100       42 42 100      17, 38, 32, 39, 51, 53, PC6, PC7, PC8
Lithuania 3      3 100   3      3 100 50
Luxembourg 1      1 100          PC4
Norway 1 1 100              PC5
Poland 68 2 2.9 1 1.5 65 95.6   67 1 1.5 1 1.5 65 97 22, 23, 24, 31, 44, 47, 54
Portugal 1 1 100       1 1 100      16
Republic of North Macedonia 3 3 100       3 3 100      45, PC8
“Republic of Kosovo” 1 1 100       1 1 100      PC4
Republic of Moldova 16 15 93.8    1 6.3   16 15 93.8    1 6.3 36, PC4
Romania 76 74 97.4    2+ 2.6   76 74 97    2+ 2.6 15, 30, 37, 32, 42, 44, 51, 53, PC4, PC7
Serbia 9 6 66.7    3 33.3   9 6 67    3 33 21, 49, PC8
Slovak Republic 6 2 33    4 67   6 2 33    4 67 35, 44, 55
Slovenia 6 1 16.7    5 83.3   5      5 100 45
Switzerland 33 29 87.9 1 3 3 9.1   1    1 100    PC1
Spain 46 46 100       46 46 100      20, 28, 42, 48, 53, PC8
The Netherlands 2        2         33, 34
UK 4 4 100       4 4 100      18
Ukraine 2 1 50    1 50   2 1 50    1 50 44, PC7
Ex Yugoslavia (Bosnia, Serbia, Kosovo, Macedonia) ** 27 18 66.7    9 33.3   27 18 66.7    9 33.3 32
Total 599 460   7   130   2 413 288   6   119   
Percentages   76.8%   1.2%   21.7%   0.3%   69.7%   1.5%   28.8%   
  1. On the left, total number of cases detected in Europe, including those imported from non-European countries. On the right, only cases circulating in Europe excluding those imported from non-European countries and those of unknown country of origin
  2. *The only case identified as genotype G10 of E. canadensis. All other genotypes of E. canadensis belong to genotype G6/7
  3. +One case from Romania has been generically identified by authors as E. canadensis cluster G6/10 [30]
  4. **Not possible to separate countries from the reporting study in Austria
  5. ***The term PC reported among the references stands for personal communication from experts in this field. See results for specific information regarding the authors of PC from 1 to 10