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Table 4 Competence of potential malaria vector species to Plasmodium species and their involvement in local transmission events according to the available literature

From: Updated occurrence and bionomics of potential malaria vectors in Europe: a systematic review (2000–2021)

Species Plasmodium species (tropical strains) Competence tested Post-eradication autochtonous cases (Europe, Middle East) References
An. atroparvus P. falciparum No   [62,63,64,65, 337]
P. vivax Yes   [64]
P. malariae Yes   [64]
P. ovale No Suspected [64, 67]
An. hyrcanus s.l. P. falciparum No   [83]
P. vivax Yes Suspected [19, 83]
P. malariae Unknown   
P. ovale Unknown   
An. labranchiae P. falciparum Low   [62, 63, 87, 90, 97]
P. vivax Yes Yes [95,96,97]
P. malariae Unknown   
P. ovale Unknown   
An. maculipennis s.s. P. falciparum Unknown   
P. vivax Suspected Suspected [112,113,114]
P. malariae Unknown   
P. ovale Unknown   
An. messeae/daciae P. falciparum No   [10, 39, 64, 121]
P. vivax Low Suspected [10, 64, 123]
P. malariae Unknown   
P. ovale Unknown   
An. plumbeus P. falciparum Yes Suspected [155, 158, 159]
P. vivax Yes Yes [157, 158]
P. malariae Unknown   
P. ovale Unknown   
An. sacharovi P. falciparum Suspected   [64]
P. vivax Yes Yes [64, 107, 134,135,136,137]
P. malariae Unknown   
P. ovale Unknown   
An. superpictus P. falciparum Unknown   
P. vivax Yes Suspected [10, 137, 140]
P. malariae Unknown   
P. ovale Unknown