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Table 5 Relative importance of potential malaria vector species based on current information, in particular Plasmodium competence and anthropophily

From: Updated occurrence and bionomics of potential malaria vectors in Europe: a systematic review (2000–2021)

Species Known competence Anthropophily Importance as potential malaria vector
An. atroparvus P. vivax, P. malariae (P. ovale) Low Low
An. hyrcanus s.l. P. vivax High High
An. labranchiae P. vivax, (P. falciparum) Opportunistic High
An. maculipennis s.s. (P. vivax) Low Moderate
An. messeae/daciae (P. vivax) Low Moderate
An. plumbeus P. falciparum, P. vivax High High
An. sacharovi P. vivax, (P. falciparum) Opportunistic High
An. superpictus P. vivax Low Low
  1. For Plasmodium species presented in parenthesis the competence is uncertain