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Table 1 Summary of the descriptions given in the questionnaire on each clinical case

From: Dogs with leishmaniosis: how are we managing proteinuria in daily practice? A Portuguese questionnaire-based study

Description LeishVet classification
Stage IIb Stage III Stage IV
Signalment Male, 6 years old Male, 7 years old Male, 12 years old
Iatrotropic stimulus Epistaxis Lethargy, anorexia, weight loss, PU/PD, auricular lesions Lethargy, anorexia, weight loss, skin wounds, PU/PD
Physical examination Epistaxis Pale mucosae, generalised lymphadenomegaly, mucocutaneous ulcerative lesions, ears’ crusts Pale mucosae, facial and plantar exfoliative dermatitis, onychogryphosis, nasal hyperkeratosis and ulceration
CBC, biochemical profile, urinalysis Mild non-regenerative anaemia Moderate non-regenerative anemia, hyperproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia Moderate non-regenerative anemia, hyperproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia
Serum protein electrophoresis Hyperglobulinaemia without hypoalbuminemia Hyperglobulinemia with polyclonal gammopathy Hyperglobulinemia with polyclonal gammopathy
Creatinine (mg/dl)  < 1.4 1.9 3.5
Urinalysis UPC =  0.5; inactive sediment USG = 1018; UPC = 1.2; inactive sediment UPC = 6.2; inactive
Serological titre 1:640 1:320 1:640
Other exams - Blepharitis, uveitis; US: splenomegaly; SBP: normal Corneal opacification
  1. CBC complete blood count, PU/PD polyuria/polydipsia, SBP systolic blood pressure, UPC urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio, US ultrasound