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Table 1 Signalment and history data of 91 feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)-positive cases and 182 FIV-negative controls, with description of number (N) and percentage (%) of cats recorded for each variable

From: Association between feline immunodeficiency virus and Leishmania infantum infections in cats: a retrospective matched case-control study

Variable Cases Controls Total
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Sex
 Male 61 (67) 122 (67) 183 (67)
 Female 30 (33) 60 (33) 90 (33)
Reproductive status
 Neutered 44 (48.3) 79 (43.4) 123 (45.1)
 Not neutered 47 (51.7) 103 (56.6) 150 (54.9)
Hair
 Short 59 (64.8) 126 (69.3) 185 (67.8)
 Medium 18 (19.8) 21 (11.5) 39 (14.3)
 Long 3 (3.3) 13 (7.1) 16 (5.8)
 Missing 11 (12.1) 22 (12.1) 33 (12.1)
Age
 ≤ 24 months 26 (28.6) 52 (28.6) 78 (28.6)
 > 24 months 65 (71.4) 130 (71.4) 195 (71.4)
Geographic area
 Italy 80 (87.9) 160 (87.9) 240 (87.9)
  Calabria 36 (39.6) 70 (38.5) 106 (38.8)
  Sicily 44 (48.3) 90 (49.4) 134 (49.1)
 Spain 11 (12.1) 22 (12.1) 33 (12.1)
  Catalonia 7 (7.7) 14 (7.7) 21 (7.7)
  Andalusia 4 (4.4) 8 (4.4) 12 (4.4)
Lifestyle and household
 Indoor 19 (20.9) 41 (22.5) 60 (21.9)
 Outdor 72 (79.1) 141 (77.5) 213 (78.1)
 Owned 19 (20.9) 45 (24.7) 64 (23.4)
 Stray 32 (35.2) 57 (31.3) 89 (32.6)
 Missing 40 (43.9) 80 (44) 120 (44)
 Single-cat 59 (64.8) 108 (59.3) 167 (61.2)
 Multi-cat 18 (19.8) 60 (33) 78 (28.6)
 Missing 14 (15.4) 14 (7.7) 28 (10.2)
Environment
 Rural and suburban 32 (35.2) 67 (36.8) 99 (36.3)
 Urban 53 (58.2) 98 (53.8) 151 (55.3)
 Missing 6 (6.6) 17 (9.3) 23 (8.4)